September 16, 2019
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Eradication of Poverty

ECOSOC: United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)

Topic: Eradication of Poverty

In September of 2000, the UN officially adopted the “Millennium Development Goals”, a set of eight somewhat aspirational objectives to be achieved by 2015. One of the eight goals was the eradication of poverty, a process which is unfortunately ongoing. The traditional view of poverty conceives of a specific and conspicuous lack of some vital resource – typically, though not exclusively, money. Impoverished people cannot pay their bills; impoverished nations cannot provide for their citizens. However, the definition of “poverty” adopted by the United Nations is “lack of basic capacity to participate effectively in society”. Far from calling for a campaign to alleviate a discrete and quantifiable “want”, the breadth of this definition suggests that a similarly broad approach is needed to address poverty. Eradication of poverty does not mean providing people with necessities, but ensuring their capacity to live.

Many of the key components of poverty are structural. That is, deficits in education, healthcare, transportation and other vital infrastructure, communication and information technology, and economic resources such as banking and credit are all major impediments to successfully lifting people out of poverty and allowing them to achieve self-sufficiency. Without access to these resources, people are not free to develop their economic and personal potential, and are not able to actualize that potential once attained. A more in-depth look reveals that these high-level structural issues impact different regions, communities, and individuals in different ways – for instance, there are significant differences between urban and rural, adults and children, and men and women. Moreover, poverty is not an ill that is confined to the developing world – for a variety of reasons, disadvantaged and economically marginalized populations are found in all nations. Thus, while general economic development is certainly an aspect of the solution, there simply is no single answer. Providing transportation does not help people with no marketable goods to transport; job training does not create work in regions without high levels of economic activity. Healthcare is essential in that it allows people to focus on making productive use of their time rather than battling disease, but greater numbers of hospital beds do not make up for inadequate sanitation facilities or shortages of food. Direct aid in the form of “relief missions” is at best a palliative, and can have the profoundly negative effect of creating permanent dependency.

It is a mistake to focus on individual success stories, just as it is a mistake to succumb to the belief that “a rising tide lifts all boats”. While these platitudinous narratives may be true in isolation, neither idea takes into account the full breadth of the problem nor makes use of the full spectrum of tools available for its elimination. The United Nations Development Programme must explore holistic solutions that effectively attack the root causes of poverty, instead of resorting to treating its symptoms. Member states must each examine the elements of poverty domestically and regionally, and work together to address themselves to the changes and improvements necessary to ensure all global citizens the ability to effectively participate in society.

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Submitted Position Papers

Olivia Ahrens

Belgium

UNDP

 

Belgium has many poverty problems even though they are a very rich country.13.5% of the population lives in poverty and has a low-income rate. The young adults in Belgium mainly have trouble making money and living. Six percent of the Belgian population experienced severe material deprivation. Compared to other countries in Europe, Belgium has a very low poverty rate of entry, but an even lower poverty exit rate, which could be a terrible combination in regards to the future.

They were not allowed to have the materials to keep safe, warm, or even the proper nutrients to survive. Many of these people are struggling with shelter and diets. Six percent of the Belgian population experienced severe material deprivation. Over the last few years, poverty in Belgium has slowly decreased. The government has helped this by providing homes and having lower taxes. This also decreased by a higher economy and more jobs.

Fifteen percent of the Belgian population lives in poverty. Only 3.7 percent of the population falls into the lowest 10 percent of Belgian’s income levels, which is a sign of good progress. Belgium is the economic and political powerhouse for Europe. It also has a strong interest in foreign affairs and is involved in most of the programs that are helping with other countries’ poverty rates.

Works Cited:

https://borgenproject.org/facts-about-poverty-in-belgium/

 

https://statbel.fgov.be/en/news/poverty-indicators-belgium-2017-eu-silc

 

  • : Belgium
  • : Olivia Ahrens

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Hrudy Peela

Saudi Arabia

ECOSOC UNDP

Eradication of Poverty

Over 2 million residents in the Kingdom of  Saudi Arabia live on 17$ or less a day. As much as Saudi Arabia has the 10th lowest poverty rate in the world and the lowest amongst Middle Eastern nations, the nation is striving to make that number of people below the poverty line lower in the country and around the world. Many programs are being put into place by the crown prince Mohammed bin Salman aiming to halve the poverty and unemployment rate in the country by 2030.

The Vision 2030 plan is a huge contributor to boosting the economy and reducing poverty. The Vision 2030 plan was originally implemented by the government of Saudi Arabia to tackle the slight increase in unemployment in recent years. The plan has later evolved to include plans to refocus the economy into other sectors creating more jobs, while minimizing the nation’s dependence on oil. The government has also recently removed bans on many other industries such as movies to help these other industries grow. Recently many restrictions imposed on women have been removed allowing women to work and provide for the economy and their families. A main factor in helping people get out of poverty is giving them an education, King Salman bin Abdulaziz approved a $21.33 billion plan to construct over 1500 schools and to train 25000 teachers. As part of the plan, the government has also decided to invest in NGOs to prevent the spread of poverty worldwide. 

The government has received funding from the World Bank to help with the program greatly. Also while working on itself, Saudi Arabia is providing aid to many other countries and donating to many NGO’s. Working together, we can help eradicate poverty around the world step by step.

  • : Saudi Arabia
  • : Hrudy Peela

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UNDP

Eradication of Poverty

Hungary

In today’s world, more than 3 billion people worldwide live on less than $2.50 a day. More than 1.3 billion people live in extreme poverty which means that they receive at most $1.25 a day. As shown, poverty is a major issue throughout the world, and it causes harm to many people. Poverty is a very ubiquitous issue considering the amount of people affected by it. To put this into perspective, 22,000 children, the people who will shape our future, die each day.

Poverty is very prevalent in Hungary as 1/3 of its population lives in deep poverty. Almost half of all Hungarians (44%) can’t access basic resources which is a problem that cannot be ignored. Children are being greatly affected by poverty in Hungary. For every 1000 children, 6.1 would die before their fifth birthday. In the past few years, the number of children being taken away from their families due to poverty is at an all time high. It has gotten to a point where people are leaving Hungary because they believe they won’t have any future in there. Hungary is clearly affected by poverty greatly. Hungary is one of the top places in Europe where poverty is prevalent and that is not something that should stay like that.

 

In efforts to make international relief funds as effective as possible, a new series of reports from the World Bank offers a promising method for ensuring their strategic use. European Union funding and the commission of Hungary’s Ministry of Human Capacities have produced the Promoting Inclusive Growth in Hungary Advisory Service Activity, a project which has provided the framework for the World Bank reports. These reports have identified a need for concrete initiatives, coordination between local and national level efforts, and targeted investments in order to more successfully combat poverty in Hungary.

  • : Hungary
  • : Mustafa Sharba

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United Nations Development Programme 

Eradication of Poverty 

Mia Valiotis

Australia 

Troy High School 

According to the World Bank, 1.85 billion people, or 36 percent of the worlds population lives in extreme poverty. This poverty suffered by such a compelling amount of people is mainly centered around the lack of income and resources to support sustainable livelihoods. The World Social Summit identifies the parameters of extreme poverty, and calls for poverty eradications to be an ethical, social, political, and economic worldwide effort to address the root causes of poverty and provide aid and resources to help those living with the constraints of extreme poverty. This resolution sets up efforts to reduce the proportion of people living in extreme poverty by one half; efforts for an integrated strategy for equitable distribution of wealth, especially in developing countries. 

Ronald Henderson, a devoted poverty researcher characterizes the issue as a moral question, “Poverty is not just a personal attribute: it arises out of the organization of society”. This issue of poverty in Australia specifically affects indigenous people and those predisposed to poverty due to income or dependents. A report from the UNSW Sydney and the Australian Council Services estimates that three million Australians live below the poverty line, among the most concerning figures reporting that 730,00 children live below the poverty line; a major cause of this coming from children from sole parent families. The Australian Council of Social Service has made several commitments to eradicating poverty in Australia with investments in a welfare sector that can help those living in extreme poverty retain adequate resources and necessities, addresses housing affordability, and hopes to address the inequitable distribution of wealth in Australia. 

In hopes to eradicate poverty both internationally and domestically, Australia wish to collaborate on solutions that entail, joining with NGO’s such as Oxfam and The Hunger Project. It also hopes to help put forward a plan that strengthens and provides funding to UN organizations that combat the spread of poverty in developing nations, such as UNICEF, UNDP, and UNOCHA. It also hopes to help those in poverty by providing funds that can supply resources to those in extreme poverty and invest in education for people in developing countries. 

 

WORKS CITED

 

https://www.un.org/development/desa/socialperspectiveondevelopment/issues/poverty-eradication.html

 

https://www.worldbank.org/en/topic/poverty/overview

 

https://www.theguardian.com/australia-news/2019/apr/15/poverty-as-a-moral-question-do-we-have-the-collective-will-to-end-it

 

https://www.socialgoodsummit.com.au/

 

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2018/11/how-can-countries-reduce-poverty-faster

 

  • : Australia
  • : Mia Valiotis

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UNDP

United States of America

Eradication of Poverty

 

Nearly one half of the world’s population, over 3 billion people, live in poverty today. One billion of these people are merely children. Poverty is a matter that has been of concern for decades now. The United Nations passed the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and its first goal is to end poverty. According to recent estimates in 2013, the number of people living in poverty reduced from 35% in 1990 to 10.7% in 2013. 10.7% of the world’s population was living off of $1.90 a day. Making that number zero is very much within our reach. The effects of poverty on people, relationships, and communities is deeply saddening. Over 10,000 children die every day because they live in poor housing. Most of these children are unable to attain a proper education and thus do not have the means to lift themselves out of it. Poverty can lead to extreme hunger, thirst, and illness. Worst of all, this causes crimes to increase, as desperation and hopelessness are manifested in violence. Eradicating poverty is not a new desire that the world is beginning to notice. The United States believes that this issue must be addressed from the root causes, not only the short term solutions, to aid the poor right now. 

In 2018, 38.1 million people in the United States lived in poverty. Poverty strikes every demographic differently, with women being 13% and men being 10%. Nevertheless, these millions of people suffered and the United States knows the impact of poverty on our nation. In the United States, even for those who are trying to shape a new life, the lack of health care, education, unemployment, and even greater exposure to crime and drugs are major causes of the poverty levels. The US Department of Housing and Development found that more than half a million Americans lack permanent shelter, or are homeless, which is the worst form of poverty. According to the US Department of Agriculture, over 13 million children lack adequate food supply. Outbreaks of violence are often due to the hopelessness these Americans feel. The United States takes conscious efforts to provide government programs to keep Americans out of poverty. The Earned Income Tax Credit and the Child Tax Credit kept 9.2 million families from falling into poverty in 2010. Food stamps also lift another 3 million out of it. The United States has enough experience tackling and bringing down the amount of poverty in a developed nation that would be useful for this committee. 

 

The United States believes that in order to eradicate poverty, it is necessary for us to educate, employ, and empower. Companies are starting to focus efforts in the communities in which they operate, making it a priority to offer free education or jobs to the underprivileged. The United States is actively looking at our tax codes, so that we may offer incentives for companies that are making an impact. We want to educate people, not only for creating awareness, but also to educate the next generation. Finally, empowerment of the underprivileged is always necessary. Oprah Winfrey, whose net worth is in the billions today, brought herself up from nothing. These kinds of people must go around and inspire the poor. By finding local organizations as well, the work that we do globally can start to make more of an impact at a lower level. This will allow those who are in poverty to be able to get the right information and have equal access to opportunities. Partnering with organizations like CARE and World Vision can help aid this process. Eradicating poverty is more than just offering smiles and hope; it is instead a comprehensive plan that will require work but will be rewarding.

 

Works Cited

 

https://www.povertyusa.org/facts

 

https://www.habitatforhumanity.org.uk/what-we-do/building-and-renovating-homes/effects-of-poverty/

 

https://www.usatoday.com/story/money/economy/2018/10/01/fighting-poverty-america-slowing-despite-recent-economic-recovery/1445296002/

 

https://www.debt.org/faqs/americans-in-debt/poverty-united-states/

 

  • : United States of America
  • : Sharanya Swaminathan

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Name: Medha Tripathi

Country: Sri Lanka

United Nations Development Programme

Eradication of Poverty

Around 1.85 billion people, or 36 percent of the world’s population, has lived in extreme poverty. It is needless to say that all countries hope to achieve the eradication of poverty at both domestic and international levels. However, all countries are at different stages of reaching this end goal and have distinct areas in which they are sufficient or lacking to meet the standards they hope to arrive at. Immense progress has been made in the past 30 years; less than 10% of the world currently lives in poverty, meaning survival with less than $1.90 spent daily. Strides have been made and will continue to be made until the international community as a whole reaches its maximum power to eradicate poverty. 

            Many plans have already been enacted in the United Nations assembly and other subcommittees to ensure progress of elimination of poverty. In fact, ending poverty in all its forms is a goal of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.This goal specifically outlines the neccessity of no descrimination of gender, race, sexual orientation and other forms of discrimination that may prevent certain groups in countries to grow out of poverty. The General Assembly has even coined 17 October as the International Day for the Eradication of Poverty, a day that brings awareness about poverty to the citizens of the world and honors those that are currently battling poverty. Both the 2030 agenda and the day dedicated to poverty eradication have proven effective as the poverty rate has gone down significantly since both were enacted. 

            Sri Lanka has one of the lowest extreme poverty rates out of the countries located in the South Asian region: 1.8 percent. However, 45% of the population lives on under $5 a day in Sri Lanka. Despite the shocking number of the population that survuves on some form of poverty, the progress that Sri Lanka has made is commendable. After emerging from a civil war in 2012, Sri Lanka’s poverty rate dropped by over 20% in two years. This can be accredited to the fact that ownership of basic assets such as refrigerators, motorcycles, washing machines, computers, and telephones. 

In order to improve upon the current status of poverty, Sri Lanka believes that the roots of the problem must be controlled. Lack of education, high divorce rate, a culture of poverty, illiteracy, overpopulation, epidemic diseases such as AIDS and malaria and environmental problems, such as lack of rainfall, are all leading factors of the widespread poverty that occurs not only in Sri Lanka, but worldwide. The ownership of basic assets may benefit other countries out of extreme poverty the way it did for Sri Lanka, so Sri Lanka advocates for funding to provide these assets to those in impoverished countries, such as those located in Sub-Saharan Africa. 

 

Works Cited

 

“Nearly Half the World Lives on Less than $5.50 a Day.” World Bank, www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2018/10/17/nearly-half-the-world-lives-on-less-than-550-a-day.

“PART I: Understanding Poverty in Sri Lanka.” World Bank, www.worldbank.org/en/news/feature/2017/03/02/part1-understanding-poverty-sri-lanka.

Peer, Andrea. “Global Poverty: Facts, FAQs, and How to Help.” World Vision, 21 Nov. 2018, www.worldvision.org/sponsorship-news-stories/global-poverty-facts.

 

  • : Sri Lanka
  • : Medha Tripathi

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United Nations Development Program

Disaster Risk Reduction

Syria

Athens High School

Delegate: Areeb Islam

 

            Poverty is the overarching subject in which a person, or persons, lack the financial stability and resources to maintain a minimal standard of living. More than 3 billion people worldwide live on less than $2.50 a day. Almost 1.3 billion people live in extreme poverty, around $1.25. Many government and nongovernment institutions have made attempts to minimalize poverty around the globe. Services like welfare are offered in countries such as the United States. The organization, “Unicef,” states that almost half of the world’s children “live in poverty.” According to the UN, most people living below the poverty line relate to new Southern Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. The UN’s 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, prioritizes targeting poverty as agenda number 1.

            Syria has been in a state of war for many years, and with the uprising of the radical Islamic group, known as ISIS, living conditions have only been getting worse. In 2015, more than 80 percent of the population in Syria lived below the poverty line. This is a direct result of the massive 57.7% of people who are unemployed. Many families have been convinced that the only way their children can be freed of these conditions is by joining the Islamic terrorist organization. The life expectancy of Syrian residents has been reduced by 20 years. The Syrian government has been reported by the UN to have lost upwards of 200 billion dollars. As the Syrian conflict continues, many Syrian residents have lost loved ones, their jobs, and their homes.

In order to combat these poverty issues, humanitarian aid and resources could help to stop child recruitment, and provide families with health care, foods, and jobs. As Isis threatens to expand their territory into neighboring nations, a unified effort to stop this spread can end the conflict in Syria, and allow many people to get jobs.

  • : Syria
  • : Areeb Islam

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United Nations Development Programme

The Eradication of Poverty

Amaya Holman

The Republic of Azerbaijan 

Forest Hills Eastern High School

 

In today’s society around the world, more than 3 billion people live on less than $2.50 a day. That is clearing not enough for the average person that needs daily necessities like healthy food, clean water, and proper personal hygiene products. The result of not having proper resources has negative effects, especially amongst children. According to “UNICEF” 22,000 children a day die because of poverty but first it leads up to first not having access to the right and safe resources. For example 750 million people don’t have access to safe drinking water leaving them having to drink and use water that may be contaminated with germs and dangerous bacteria which can be a result in many cases people getting Diarrhea and Pneumonia.These illness are caused by inadequate drinking water, sanitation and hand hygiene. Killing an estamined 842,000 globally each year, also taking lives of 2 million children who can’t afford proper treatment. Besides not being able to get resources a lot of these countries that have a high poverty rate don’t have great government benefits or healthcare. Countries like the Republic of Sierra Leone that have only 22 physicians for every million people and about 60% of the rural population does not have access to safe adequate clean water and with the healthcare score of 0.00 this is a good example to why poverty is a problem and it affects many people daily.

 

The Republic of Azerbaijan believes poverty is a huge problem. In 2004 four million people in Azerbaijan lived in poverty. But statistics today show only about 500,000 live in poverty due to the rapid growth in the economy and benefits that has helped people of the Republic of Azerbaijan. For example, the constitution of the Azerbaijan Republic provides the rights for people to get social security upon reaching an age established by law, in the event of illness, disability, loss of breadwinner and inability to work which has played a valuable role in helping decrease the number of people in poverty. Additionally, the laws of the Republic of Azerbaijan on “Minimum living standards”, “Targeted state social assistance”, “Social benefits” and “Labor pension”, were adopted to strengthen the social protection of low-income segments of the population. To provide employment for the country’s able-bodied population, the “Employment Strategy of the Republic of Azerbaijan” was adopted, along with two state programs adopted for its implementation, and work has been carried out on their basis to improve labor market regulation, stimulate the demand for workforce, develop the human capital, provide employment for socially vulnerable population groups, and strengthen the social protection of jobseekers and unemployed persons.

 

The Republic of Azerbaijan believes in lowering the poverty rate by using strategies from the Sustainable Development Goals including industrial and agricultural development, improvement of electricity, heat and gas supply, communications, water supply and sanitation services, use of the environment and natural resources, and construction and reconstruction of education, health, culture and sports facilities. These are factors that enabled the Republic of Azerbaijan to reduce the poverty rate from 49% to around 4% in twenty years. 

  • : The Republic of Azerbaijan
  • : Amaya Holman

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United Nations Development Programme

Eradication of Poverty

Saginaw Arts and Sciences Academy

 

According to the UN, 783 million people in the world live below the international poverty line of $1.90 a day. High poverty rates are mostly found in small, fragile, and conflict-affected areas of the world. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development is an agreement drafted by the UN, containing 17 goals to transform the world for the better. The first goal in this agreement is to end global poverty. Therefore, the eradication of poverty is already a very prominent goal in the UN. In 2016, only about 45% of the world’s population was covered by at least one social protection cash benefit. There has been a significant amount of progress in the eradication of poverty over recent years, which is very good news, but the delegation of Equatorial Guinea believes that there is always room for improvement.

 

As stated previously, the UN established the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, which is an agreement that promises to leave no one behind and help the people that are struggling the most first. In 1995, the World Summit for Social Development defined three core issues of the world, one being poverty eradication. Within the UN, the Division for Social Policy and Development (DSPD) of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA) is tasked with the main focus of the eradication of poverty. There was also a resolution passed by the General Assembly of the UN declaring October 17 the International Day for the Eradication of Poverty. 

 

Equatorial Guinea recognizes the effects of poverty, but currently, have no programs with the World Bank to eradicate it. The poverty rates of Equatorial Guinea are a bit higher compared to other African countries, but are willing to take on programs that are presented to them and meet their expectations. Currently, Equatorial Guinea is working with the World Bank to find a system that works for them. 

 

Some possible solutions for the eradication of poverty are to create jobs, raise the minimum wage, and to support pay equity. To create jobs, countries could propose new projects to improve their countries, such as projects for infrastructure or producing more renewable energy sources. Raising the minimum wage for workers in the country would help all of them out greatly. Supporting pay equity, equal pay for all workers, can help the workers who are not getting paid fairly, therefore helping the majority of the world’s population. There are many ways for countries to work towards the eradication of poverty, and the delegation of Equatorial Guinea looks forward to working with other countries on developing a solution. 

  • : Equatorial Guinea
  • : Audrey Wong

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United Nations Development Programme

Disaster Risk Reduction

People’s Republic of China

Vipul Adusumilli

Forest Hills Eastern

 

Poverty is ubiquitous in all nations regardless of their economic development. The root causes of poverty are not only lack of access to basic necessities of life like water, food, shelter, education, or healthcare but also inequities, including gender or ethnic discrimination, poor governance, conflict, exploitation, and domestic violence. These inequities not only lead a person or a society into poverty but can also restrict access to social services that could help people overcome poverty. the world is making huge strides in overcoming global poverty. Since 1990, a quarter of the world has risen out of extreme poverty. Now, less than 10 percent of the world lives in extreme poverty, surviving on $1.90 a day or less. The United Nations hopes to end extreme poverty for all people everywhere and at least cut in half the proportion of people living in poverty by 2030; however, progress towards this goal has decelerated. 

 

China acknowledges the unpleasant problem that is poverty. Our president, Xi Jinping, has set a goal to eradicate poverty in our nation before 2020. While this goal has not been met yet, we have made significant strides towards it. At the end of 2014, China had 70.17 million people in the countryside living below the country’s poverty line of 2,300 yuan ($376). According to Liu Yongfu, the director of the State Council Poverty Alleviation Office, annual incomes suggested that the number living in poverty in rural areas has fallen from 98.9 million in 2013 to 43.35 million last year. To ensure Jinping’s goal, we have taken measures to develop industries such as tourism and e-commerce to help our villagers find jobs after occupational training. People who live in geologically hazardous areas prone to earthquakes or landslides, or are based in remote areas, are being relocated to safer areas. We have taken actions that emphasize on ensuring children get basic education or occupational training to prevent poverty from passing down the generations to break the poverty cycle. Our government has developed public health services in poor areas since medical bills are a frequent cause of families falling into poverty. The elderly and infirm will be eligible for social security payments.

 

China strongly urges nations to prioritize solving this global pandemic. China is aware that each nation has its own unique and specific problems and recommends the creation of an independent body that oversees specific nations’ needs and combats poverty. China is appalled by the lack of basic rights people in some countries possess and encourages nations to treat their citizens well. China further suggests nations seeking aid from the UN report progress reports to the independent body to fix any recurring problems.

 

  • : People's Republic of China
  • : Vipul Adusumilli

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Madagascar on Eradication of Poverty

Committee: UNDP

Topic: Eradication of Poverty

Country: Madagascar

Delegate: Jason Xhelilaj from Royal Oak High School

 

    While global poverty rates have been cut by more than half since 2000, many citizens of developing countries yet live on less than the internationally agreed poverty line; US$1.90 a day. Although progress has been made worldwide, up to 42% of the population in Sub-Saharan Africa continues to live below this line; Madagascar being of the poorest. This poverty doesn’t just refer to lack of income, although it does directly affect every other aspect. Hunger, limited access to basic service, social discrimination, as well as a lack of participation in UN related decision making.

    As the United Nations, it is our duty to foster cooperation between nations in order to solve economic and social problems of countries willing to take the help. In order to help the worsening state of Sub-Saharan African countries, we must apply long-term, sustainable goals with the purpose of providing resources and improving cooperation. These goals should also aim to provide sound policy frameworks regarding poverty at national levels, based on providing equal rights to economic resources to each and every citizen.

    As mentioned, this system should be long-term and focus on meeting smaller targets along the way. We must leave no country asking to be helped behind and focus on making sure they meet their targets by the specified dates. Meeting this development agenda requires the aforementioned policy framework to support full employment and decent work for all, social integration, rising productivity and a favorable working and living environment.

 

  • : Madagascar
  • : Jason Xhelilaj

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          The eradication of Poverty has been one of Italy’s prime concerns since 1999. In times of need, Italy has been a supporter of underdeveloped and poorer nations in Africa and the Middle East. We truly believe that economic development ties with social development. Therefore the more financially secure a nation is, the societal state of the nation improves. This also works vice versa. Improvements in society also result in improvements in the economy.

          There are many solutions that Italy will propose to tackle poverty. One of the most important ones is peace-keeping and the prevention of conflict. Resources of many underdeveloped countries get wasted on arms and militarization rather than focusing on providing relief or public work projects. For that reason, there should be cooperation between the United Nations Developmental Programme, DISEC, and Spec pol. Italy also has proposed a governmental bill that cancels the foreign debt of the poorest and most underdeveloped nations. Italy, so, urges willing nations to follow suit and excuse foreign debt of countries in need. In the long-term, this will strengthen that country to spending resources fighting poverty. Rather than just having money for poverty, Governments need to be properly allocating that money. There needs to be transparency and cooperation between countries in need and their donors. Furthermore, it would be a great initiative to use NGOs that use the money to provide services for governments in need rather than providing money straight to these governments. There is so much to be discussed and considered that Italy is much looking forward to co-operating with others to figure out a cohesive resolution.

  • : Italy
  • : Rajaa Alhamd

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Topic: Eradication of Poverty 

Country: Federal Republic of Germany

Committee: UNITED NATIONS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME (UNDP)

Delegate Richard

 

The eradication of poverty has long been a goal of the United Nations, as it not only was a goal in the Millenium Development Goals (MDG), but was also a part of the Sustainable Development Goals of 2030 (SDG). According to the United Nations, the international community has been successful in fighting poverty, evident by global poverty rates dropping by more than half since 2000. However, based on current projections, the Brookings Institute finds the world will not end poverty by 2030. Poverty will likely be lowered by about 200 million people, but 438 million people, or 5 percent of the world’s population, will still live in extreme poverty. The current reason why poverty still exists is structural issues. These issues include the lack of resources for services, ranging from education to infrastructure. Other issues that lead to poverty include ineffective aid policies and the lack of proper legal policies to incentivize economic growth. The most important issue that the UNDP needs to look at is income inequality because it leads to dependent aid, according to the Borgen Project, which prevents the ending of poverty. Poverty therefore then becomes cyclical. 

 

Despite being a well-developed nation, poverty has been an issue that has recently plagued Germany. According to a recent European Union study, three-quarters of EU citizens perceive growth in poverty in their home countries. Even in right now Germany, 57 percent surveyed said they felt poverty was increasing around them. Germany has attempted to combat this issue with a radical labor market reform. Unemployment benefits were reduced and temp agencies were given free rein. The key ideas were liberalization and flexibility. As a result, unemployment rates dropped. Internationally, Germany has been a nation that worked to end poverty. According to the International Trade Forum, Germany has been committed to funding poverty reduction programs. Germany’s contribution is part of the UN Millennium Declaration’s goal to reduce “the proportion of people living in extreme poverty by one half by the year 2015.” The German Government states it aims “to develop entrepreneurial capacity [of the poor] and to improve their access to productive resources… and to markets.”

 

In order to solve poverty, the Delegation of Germany believes that there must be a focus on a range of policies from infrastructure development and investment to proper education to prepare for the job market, and the right legal policies to incentivize economic growth. Infrastructure is the key to solving poverty, as Athenosy 17 reports investments in modern and well-functioning infrastructure are regarded as the foundations for sustainable development and growth. Lu from Rand Europe finds poverty is decreased from infrastructure, for a one percent improvement in accessibility leads to about a 0.3–0.4 percent increase in the number of businesses and employment. Education is also important, as The World Economic Forum states that thousands of NGOs throughout the world aim to reduce poverty’s effects by educating young people for the jobs of the future, retraining adults whose skills aren’t suited to today’s job market, and providing skills to young people that will generate economic growth. A well-educated society ensures sustainable development, which in turn decreases poverty effectively. Finally, it is important to improve current measurements of data regarding poverty so the international community has a better idea of the issues at hand regarding how many people are in poverty and what resources are needed. There also needs to be better systems for not just collecting, but analyzing said data for poverty. Poverty is best solved using solutions that are tailored to helping countries’ specific needs. A one size fits all strategy is simply not pragmatic.

Works Cited 

Advani, Asheesh, and Leonardo Martellotto. “A Way to Reduce Poverty That’s so Simple, It Just Might Work.” World Economic Forum, 27 Mar. 2017, www.weforum.org/agenda/2017/03/a-way-to-reduce-poverty-that-s-so-simple-it-just-might-work/.

“Conclusions and Recommendations from the Report of the Secretary-General on the 2017 ECOSOC Main Theme.” United Nations, 2017, www.un.org/ecosoc/sites/www.un.org.ecosoc/files/files/en/2017doc/2017-ecosoc-main-findings-sg-report-on-main-theme.pdf.

“Germany Funds Poverty Reduction Programme.” International Trade Centre, 2002, www.tradeforum.org/Germany-Funds-Poverty-Reduction-Programme/.

“Germany’s ‘Working Poor’: Employed but Still in Poverty.” Euronews, 26 July 2017, www.euronews.com/2017/07/26/germany-s-working-poor.

Kharas, Homi, and Wolfgang Fengler. “Global Poverty Is Declining but Not Fast Enough.” Brookings, Brookings, 13 Nov. 2017, www.brookings.edu/blog/future-development/2017/11/07/global-poverty-is-declining-but-not-fast-enough/.

Sweger, Will. “Why Global Poverty Still Exists.” The Borgen Project, Https://Borgenproject.org/Wp-Content/Uploads/The_Borgen_Project_Logo_small.Jpg, 15 Feb. 2017, borgenproject.org/why-global-poverty-still-exists/.

 

“The Sustainable Development Agenda – United Nations Sustainable Development.” United Nations, United Nations, www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/development-agenda/.

 

  • : Germany
  • : Richard Li

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United Nations Development Programme

The Eradication of Poverty

Dominion of Canada

Camille Gerville-Réache, Forest Hills Northern High School

 

In 2017, Canada’s poverty line reached a historically low 9.5%. Placing the eradication of poverty as a top priority, Canada recognizes that nearly half the global population, including 1 billion children, are living in poor conditions. It is evident that poverty stretches far beyond low income: homelessness, lack of education, lack of proper nourishment, lack of clean water all fabricate the complex issue we are gathered to resolve. 

To most accurately reflect the needs of its families, Canada established the Official Poverty Line. If Canadians cannot afford a market basket of the most modest necessities, calculated by Statistics Canada, they are considered to be in poverty. Canada’s Official Poverty Line differentiates for a variety of communities and is regularly updated for the most accurate results.

 In 2018, Canada released its first poverty reduction strategy, the $22 billion Opportunity for All policy. Opportunity for All is constructed with three pillars. The first pillar, Dignity, is formatted to aid Canadians in poverty by ensuring necessities such as safe and affordable shelter, proper nourishment, and free healthcare. The second pillar, Opportunity and Inclusion, promotes full participation in the economy and equal opportunity to encourage laborers. The third pillar, Resilience and Security, concerns the prevention of middle-class individuals falling into or back into poverty. Opportunity for All holds a concrete objective of reducing poverty 20% by 2020 and 50% by 2030 with 2015 the base year. 

As Opportunity for All also promotes full participation in the economy and equal opportunity, Canada fully encourages other nations to employ, encourage, and empower women in the workforce to expand economic growth. Canada further recommends the promoting of child benefits: a monthly payment made to assist struggling families in raising children.  By February, Canada had already surpassed its 2020 poverty reduction goal. 825,000 Canadians have been lifted out of poverty. The Canada Child Benefit (CCB), along with a strong labor market, is largely credited for this achievement.

 

 Canada acknowledges not all methods of Canada’s solutions are applicable to every country; funds are not always available. However, policies constructed off of the three pillars should be executed, and a fair official poverty line individualized per country. Furthermore, progressive initiatives should be taken in these situations, such as social spending, free healthcare, and more labor/women’s rights, and child benefits as they will secure the protection of citizens and promote economic growth. Canada anticipates working with nations for a better and more secure future for all persons.

 

  • : Dominion of Canada
  • : Camille Gerville-Reache

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Topic: Eradication of Poverty 

Nation: State of Qatar

Committee: UNITED NATIONS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME (UNDP)

Poverty is an extremely pressing issue.  Today, 736 million people, almost 1 out of every 11 people worldwide, suffer from extreme poverty. Efforts in the past, such as the Millennium Development Goal, have been successful– the MDG cut poverty in half in 2010, five years prior to its original goal of 2015. However, progress in decreasing poverty has slowed– one in ten people in developing nations live on less than US $1.90 a day. According to the World Bank, the goal of eradicating poverty will not be achieved by 2030 if trends continue.

The State of Qatar has made significant progress in improving people’s living standards since the Millennium Development Goals (MDG’s) were initiated, resulting in Qatar’s advancing in the ranks of the 2015 Human Development Report (Qatar now ranks 32nd globally). Qatar is committed to achieve sustainable development goals in order to help combat poverty. These goals include the provision of safe drinking water for the population of Qatar and the access to affordable, reliable, sustainable energy for all. Additionally, Qatar has strengthened its global presence and provided financial support to poorer countries in need in order to help eradicate poverty. 

The delegation of The State of Qatar believes in a combination of creating more jobs and increasing education in underdeveloped countries to decrease poverty.  We believe that increasing information regarding poverty is extremely necessary to properly identify issues and then to accurately determine what factors contribute the most to poverty in each nation. More effective solutions can develop from this information, with efforts of both local and national governments. The delegation of Qatar also believes in creating more jobs in order to eradicate poverty. This can be achieved mainly through creating jobs in infrastructure, renovating abandoned housing, and increased education. Jobs in infrastructure are especially important. While providing stability to families, infrastructure would also help to stabilize both local and national economies by connecting those in rural poverty to markets. Raising the minimum wage in jobs would help to combat inflation in both developed and undeveloped countries and would contribute to the eradication of poverty.

Raising educational standards and literacy of more people would not only increase employment rates, but also contribute to the long term eradication of poverty. Skills such as reading and writing allow for more employment to occur and increases the rate of return for an economy. Education is an essential element in breaking the cycle of poverty in a family or community. According to Global Partnership for Education, if all children left school with basic reading skills, 171 million people could be lifted out of extreme poverty. Education promotes economic growth and reduces economic inequalities– if the same education system was implemented in workers from both poor and rich backgrounds, disparity between the two in working poverty would decrease by 39%. Increasing information on poverty, increasing jobs, and reforming and increasing education will help to eradicate poverty.

Works Cited 

“Ending Poverty.” United Nations, United Nations, https://www.un.org/en/sections/issues-depth/poverty/.

“Goal 1: No Poverty.” UNDP, https://www.undp.org/content/undp/en/home/sustainable-development-goals/goal-1-no-poverty.html.

“Overview.” World Bank, https://www.worldbank.org/en/topic/poverty/overview.

Project, Borgen. “10 Solutions to Global Poverty That Can Be Implemented Today.” The Borgen Project, Borgen Project Https://Borgenproject.org/Wp-Content/Uploads/The_Borgen_Project_Logo_small.Jpg, 7 June 2018, https://borgenproject.org/10-solutions-to-global-poverty/.

“Qatar: Taking Actions for Sustainable Development.” Sustainable Development goals, PDF file.

  • : Qatar
  • : Audrey DeGuia

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Natalie Swartz

Democratic People’s Republic of Korea

Kalamazoo Central High School

 

UNDP  Topic 2: Eradication of Poverty

 

In July of 2019, the United Nations Development Programme released its annual report on multi-dimensional poverty world-wide. This report concluded that 23.1%, or 1.3 billion people, across the world, were multi-dimensionally poor, a distinction which relied on total scores covering subjects stemming from health, education, and basic standards of living. In the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK), poverty has near vanished since the Korean War, because of the introduction of a centralized command economic system, and development of new infrastructure, manufacturing, and buildings for education. The economic system put in place in the DPRK allows for public ownership of industry, a characteristic of the capitalist “free market,” while also allowing the government to regulate production, distribution, prices, etc. This sort of regulation is what prevents homelessness and unemployment in the nation, while also giving the citizens of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea access to free education and university. 

 

In regards to not only dealing with the after-affects of poverty worldwide, but also stopping it before it starts, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea recommends for the development of economic structures, like those used in the DPRK, which can limit the unemployment and homelessness, two large factors contributing to the characteristics of multi-dimensional poverty. More factors of multi-dimensional poverty are education and standards of living, both of which can be aided by the economic plan suggested previously. If the economy is controlled by the government, then profits from the economy, through taxes or otherwise, can be used back on the community to develop schools, universities, roads, power grids, public buildings, and more to combat against poverty in nations. This has proven very successful in the DPRK, where all of the citizens are provided for. It is known that poverty does not exist in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, and that fact largely stems from the controlled economy of the nation. The main cause of poverty in other nations around the world is their economic system, most being capitalism, wherein citizens are not provided for and then the economy soon after crumbles because of the working class being neglected.

  • : Democratic People's Republic of Korea
  • : Natalie Swartz

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Committee: United Nations Development Program

Topic: Eradication of Poverty

Country: Denmark

Delegate: Ethan Sinke

School:Williamston High School

Eradicating poverty is a great challenge facing the world today that will require many tools to solve. Oftentimes as countries work towards improving poverty within, there is a heavier focus on improving the symptoms of poverty rather than the root of it. At the center of this poverty debacle is the unfair economic system that pervades much of the world; a system which rewards people for exploiting workers, essentially increasing the gap between rich and poor.

Currently, Denmark does not struggle with high levels of poverty. In fact, currently only 0.5% of Denmark’s population lives under $5.50 a day, meaning that virtually none of the country’s population lives below the poverty line. However, around 17% of the country is at risk of falling into poverty, so while the issue is not widespread or dire, it is still a concern for the nation. The main reason why Denmark’s poverty level is so low is their focus on social welfare spending rather than primarily spending on economic growth or industrialization. In Denmark people receive generally higher wages than in other countries and low-income citizens are given the opportunity to take vocational programs to generate skilled workers with more potential, which means their population is rarely hurting for money. 

 

What Denmark would like to see the most out of committee is a resolution that focuses on encouraging countries to allocate more of their government spending towards social welfare. Government spending that is primarily focused on improving the economy serves to help the already rich rather than assist the struggling, and Denmark would like to see fewer countries following this practice. Furthermore, Denmark is interested in a resolution that includes funding for and helps put in place more training and vocational programs that allow workers who are struggling with low income become skilled enough to move into a job that generates much more adequate wages. Although ending poverty will be a tough challenge to face, Denmark believes that keeping in mind the idea that increased comfort of all citizens is more important than the extreme and excessive comfort of a few will guide this committee to create solutions that really do eradicate poverty.

  • : Denmark
  • : Ethan Sinke

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Walker Broadbent, Mattawan High School

Seychelles

United Nations Development Programme (UNDP): Eradication of Poverty

 

The issue of poverty pervades every nation around the world. 736 million people around the world live in extreme poverty, and countries have been working tirelessly to try and relieve this issue. However, poverty persists. It’s important to ensure that as many citizens as possible are able to participate effectively in society, rather than only provide temporary support. The people’s potential to succeed is hindered by their country’s lack of adequate structural support. Some primary concerns should be to combat sources of poverty in replacement of the relief missions that only generate dependency.

According to global rates, there are 1% in extreme poverty earning less than $1.90 a day and 2.5% earning less than $3.10 per day. These rates are very low, and without context they look optimistic. However, Seychelles as a nation report 39.3% of citizens using a poverty line of 3,945 Seychellois Rupee, or about $10 a day. The country relies on tourism and fishing for national income. While the economy is currently strong, the growth is unsustainable. The cost of living is incredibly high, and many citizens who aren’t well off don’t have access to clean water, food, and electricity. This is the effects of an economic inequality between people. Additionally, there is a deceivingly low unemployment rate; many jobs are low in quality. As of now, Seychelles is currently conducting a short term intervention program to assist poor families by making sure they have access to basic needs, however this relief is only temporary. It will not address the root causes of the problems, and they will likely fall back into worse conditions in the future.

To address this problem, Seychelles wishes to develop a way for countries in need to receive support so that they can stabilize their economies so that they can then support their people. Our priority is to gradually eradicate the root causes of poverty. For Seychelles, that means developing the economy so that there isn’t such a heavy reliance on tourism and fishing. To do this, we believe that education should be improved so that more people can take on quality work. We look forward to the ideas of other nations on how we can improve this issue.

 

  • : Seychelles
  • : Walker Broadbent

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United Nations Development Programme

Eradication of Poverty

Portugal 

Luis F. Vazquez 

Forest Hills Eastern

 

Poverty is a problem that every member state understands exist, yet ignores to properly acknowledge it on a day to day basis. Dosomething.org states that “nearly half of the world population-more than 3 billion people live on less than $2.50 a day.” According to UNICEF, “22,000 children die each day due to poverty.” Member states going through rough economics time will raise the poverty rate within those respective countries. One of the most common ways a modern member state may go through rough economic patches is the inability to pay off borrowed money debt. Historically, European member states going through a rough patch due to debt will be forced into austerity. One of the most recent economic disasters is the Greece situation in which the European member states had to bail-out their government and push them towards austerity which has left them with a threatening poverty rate of more than 30%. Within the Implementation of the Third United Nations Decade for the Eradication of Poverty, it states how it will continue the momentum set by the Second United Nations Decade for the eradication of poverty, which is that since 1990, 1.1 billion people have been lifted out of extreme poverty.

 

As a country undergoing the reconstruction of its economy, Portugal understands the dangers of external pressure to enforce member states into specific actions to undergo economic recovery first hand. In 2011, under the governing of the social democratic party austerity, economic policies were put into place. After these economic policies were in action, the unemployment rate rose to a peak of nearly 18%, leading more people into poverty. After hyper apparent faults with new economic policies, the social democratic socialist party came into power challenging Germany’s influence in proposing austerity policies by undergoing more proactive policies that set the economy to become more productive. These new non-austerity policies have reduced Portugal’s spending deficit to only 1% of the nation’s GDP as of 2017.

 

Portugal proposes for the international community to strengthen the economies of struggling economies such as those like Greece and Ireland. Portugal seeks to have other countries provide resources to accommodate the needs of struggling economies to ensure global economic stability for the reduction of poverty worldwide. Resources provided could be purely monetary support or other resources such as structural help for setting forth infrastructure to help citizens of member states become effective participating members of the world society. Portugal also hopes to see austerity measures forced onto countries should be eradicated. As Nelson Mandela explained, “ As long as poverty, injustice, and gross inequality exist in our world, none of can truly rest” and neither shall the UNDP committee.

 

 

 

  • : Portugal
  • : Luis F. Vazquez

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Delegate: Rachel Zaidan 

Country: Kenya 

Topic: Eradication of Poverty

 

Poverty is the lack of resources that result in some members of a community being unable to participate in society. This being a broad definition, there are also terms such as “extreme poverty” and “the poverty line” to describe the challenges struggling citizens face. Extreme poverty is used to describe those that are surviving on less than $1.90 a day, while the poverty line describes the threshold which divides whether or not a household could be described as in poverty. This threshold often varies from nation to nation. As a result of the differences in government structure, healthcare, and access to resources, each nation feels poverty’s effects in a unique way. Countries in Africa tend to be the most influenced. The truth is, even nations that are often viewed as “rich nations” struggle with poverty. Although, global poverty has decreased in recent years, it is a serious global problem that continues to take lives. 

Kenya has taken some significant steps to reduce poverty in itself and other nations in its region. According to the most recent report, Kenya’s poverty rate is approximately 35.6%. This is down from 43.6% in 2005-2006. The evident improvement can be traced back to some of Kenya’s recent projects, such as the construction of a railway to connect Kenya to coastal towns in three other African countries. Despite these improvements, Kenya is still incredibly poor. The majority of jobs in Kenya are in agriculture, and due to Kenya’s unpredictable climate, the economy is extremely unstable. Only 58% of Kenya has a primary education, so finding employment outside of agriculture is often difficult for Kenyans. Because Kenya suffers so much from poverty, it is likely to support increased action in the fight against poverty, specifically in regions of Africa.   

The improvement of infrastructure could greatly assist the fight against poverty. With increased means of transporting goods, the economy would improve. This will also succeed in bringing money to more rural areas, which is often where the most poverty can be found. Additionally, it would be beneficial to increase education rates. An increase in educated residents of a country allow for more diversity in job choices. This creates a stronger, more stable, economy. Poverty must be eradicated and Kenya is hopeful that, working together with other nations, a solution may be found. 

 

  • : Kenya
  • : Rachel Zaidan

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United Nations Development Programme

The Eradication of Poverty

Republic of Peru

Flynn Lyon, Forest Hills Northern High School

 

Since the dawn of economics, poverty has been a seemingly indelible issue. Despite hundreds of attempts to pull people out of poverty, it remains a prominent issue even in today’s society. But the issue of delineating poverty has only grown more complex over the years, with variables such as income, access to electricity, level of education, and many more contributing to the definition. With an increase of factors also came an increase in divergence. While countries such as the Republic of Peru have poverty lines that fit countries similar to themselves, more affluent countries, such as the United States, have poverty lines that seem sky-high in comparison.

The Republic of Peru has been stricken by Poverty for as long as the country has been around. With 58.7% of the population living in poverty as of 2004. Thanks to efforts made both by the Peruvian government, as well as the World Bank, the Republic of Peru now sees 20.5% of its citizens as below the national poverty line as of last year. Despite these immense reductions, poverty still affects hundreds of thousands in the country, with 1.2% of those living in urban areas and 12.8% of those living in rural regions of the country falling under the extreme poverty line. Not only does this statistic highlight the need for poverty reduction, it also exemplifies the economic difference in the two areas of the country.

The drastic difference in economic equality demonstrates the need to redefine poverty. As it stands, the international poverty line, as given to us by the World Bank, defines those in poverty as earning “less than $1.90 a day.” For a country like the United States of America, this line wouldn’t be able to accurately represent those in poverty, as the average American earns about $59,039 according to the US Census Bureau. Even in a country like Peru, the poverty line still remains about 79 times higher than the international poverty line. Due to how different economies are in the modern era, the only way to accommodate for this would be to redefine the international poverty line. As it stands, a singular “one size fits all” line seems increasingly unfit as a method of determining poverty, and so Peru believes that the first step towards eradicating poverty, would be to redefine what poverty is.

Once a new definition of what poverty is goes into effect, steps to dispel the effects of must follow. Peru has put into place many efforts to reduce poverty in the country, which have had a significant impact on the people of Peru with about 7 million Peruvians (about 27% of the country) being lifted out of poverty. Peru proposes that the UNDP follows the World Bank in adopting their many poverty reduction methods, including an increased access and quality of social services for those who fall under the poverty line, as well as connecting the poor to local services and markets, and promoting sustainable economic growth and prosperity through government involvement. Peru acknowledges that there won’t be one solution that works for every country, which is why having multiple solutions for the issue is crucial. Peru is looking forward to working with many other countries to find solutions that will benefit the collective international whole.

 

  • : Peru
  • : Flynn Lyon

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Country: Iran

Committee: UNDP

Topic: Eradication of Poverty

Delegate: Connor Baney

School: Mattawan High School

Poverty is a subject that is historically significant for a variety of reasons. From the dawn of agricultural society and the subsequent development of city states and industrial society, material stratification has been omnipresent. This concept is no stranger to the 21st century, as worldwide, there are roughly 734 million people living in what is considered extreme poverty, of which, 85% live in 20 countries.

 

In Iran, poverty is an issue that unfortunately isn’t alien to our country’s extensive and storied past. A prominent Iranian economist says 33 percent of the country’s population live in absolute poverty, and six percent are starving. A family of four living in an urban area with a monthly income below forty million rials (roughly $1000) is living in poverty, Hossein Raghfar told state-run Iranian Students News Agency (ISNA) April 7. This is a pressing issue considering that according to an October 2017 report by the World Bank, “Iran is the second largest economy in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region after Saudi Arabia, with an estimated Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in 2016 of $412.2 billion—Iran ranks second in the world in natural gas reserves and fourth in proven crude oil reserves. Economic activity and government revenues still depend to a large extent on oil revenues and therefore remain volatile.”

 

In totality, the Iranian government is interested in cooperating with many members of the international community in an effort to improve not only our economic standing, but also the standing of other nations who find themselves in a similar position. 

 

 

  • : Iran
  • : Connor Baney

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Topic: Eradication of Poverty

Nation: Japan 

Committee: UNITED NATIONS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME (UNDP)

 

For years, poverty has been a pressing global issue, causing increased rates of crime, substance abuse, and discrimination, while decreasing health, lifespan, and overall education in countries plagued by it. By destabilizing national economies and causing dangerous class tensions, these detrimental consequences not only affect the impoverished nations, but also have global ripple effects. The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) has recognized this threat and has taken action to try to eradicate it, but has recently determined that poverty is not being eradicated quickly enough. Although substantial progress has been made since 1990, such as reaching the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) to cut poverty in half in 2010, five years before the goal of 2015, the outcome of poverty eradication efforts have gradually but notably began to decrease, with only an approximate 9% decline in extreme poverty rates recorded between 2013 and 2015, according to the World Bank. Additionally, while poverty is more easily combated in developed nations, Africa continues to hold the increasing majority of the world’s most impoverished people.  An estimated 90% of the world’s extremely impoverished will live in sub-Saharan Africa in 2030. Only some nations in East Asia/Pacific and Europe/Central Asia have stayed on-course to eliminate extreme poverty by 2030, with only a select few rich nations dedicating the recommended 0.7% Gross National Income (GNI) to official development assistance.

 

Japan, originally a key player in the reduction of worldwide poverty, has unfortunately restricted its Official Development Assistance (ODA) to 0.23% of its GDP due to the 1997 Asian financial crisis. Japan has made headway into combating poverty through the establishment of the JFPR (Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction) in 2000. The JFPR has allocated hundreds of millions of dollars towards the aid of particularly vulnerable developing member countries of the Asian Development Bank, with $615.4 million received from Japan estimated in March 2013. Much of this money was allotted for over 270 grants for poverty reduction and technical assistance to developing nations in Asia.

 

In order to solve this threat of poverty, the Delegation of Japan suggests a solution to attack the roots of the plague of poverty; that is, to increase availability to resources such as education, opening markets, essential natural resources, and by creating jobs. Lack of availability to resources such as food and safe water, have been proven to be detrimental to nations ridden with poverty. This is because members of a family (often women, girls, or children) will spend their days fetching water instead of going to school or working.  This directly limits the amount of income a family can earn, as hours and hours are spent gathering water when they could be spent in school or earning money. By creating jobs to build new infrastructure or, specifically, renewable energy facilities, in order to increase access to potable water, a major cause of poverty could be eliminated, as these jobs could provide economic support and stability to families, helping to decrease poverty while simultaneously building structures which would increase the amount of available workers as less people are needed to gather resources. Such infrastructure could also help connect the rural impoverished (which make up the majority of those in extreme poverty) to markets, which in turn would stabilize local and eventually national economies.  If renewable energy facilities were created, the effect of climate change in impoverished nations could be lowered. Additionally, gender equality is imperative to economic success. By setting in place policies to enact equality of education for girls and women and pay equity, knowledge and salaries would be raised. By equalizing men and women in employment, GDP per capita in low-income countries be raised by an estimated 15%. Furthermore, education and health are essential to maintaining a sustainable economy. By regulating and enforcing education reform and health standards, higher skilled and able-bodied workers could be employed at higher-skill and thus higher-paying jobs. An estimated 7-8% of GDP investment in these regions was correlated to ideal growth performance, according to a commission headed by Michael Spence.

 

In conclusion, through creating jobs to build and enhance infrastructure, access to markets and resources could be enhanced, which would, along with increased education reforms and health standards, help to eliminate poverty in underdeveloped countries.

 

 

Works Cited

Asian Development Bank. “Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction: Stories of Triumph from the Field.” Asian Development Bank, Asian Development Bank, 15 Nov. 2017, https://www.adb.org/publications/japan-fund-poverty-reduction-stories-triumph-field.

 

Berrebi, Dario. “Effects of Poverty on Society: Why We Should All Care.” RSS, Poverties.org, 7 Mar. 2011, https://www.poverties.org/blog/effects-of-poverty.

 

Kim, Jim Yong. “Why Investing in Poor Countries Helps All of Us.” World Bank Blogs, Voices, 24 Mar. 2014, http://blogs.worldbank.org/voices/why-investing-poor-countries-helps-all-us.

 

“Overview.” World Bank, Worldbank.org, 2 Oct. 2019, https://www.worldbank.org/en/topic/poverty/overview.

 

Project, Borgen. “10 Solutions to Global Poverty That Can Be Implemented Today.” The Borgen Project, Borgen Project, 6 June 2018, https://borgenproject.org/10-solutions-to-global-poverty/.

 

 “Stepping up the War on Poverty.” The Japan Times, The Japan Times, 28 July 2015, https://www.japantimes.co.jp/opinion/2015/07/28/editorials/stepping-up-the-war-on-poverty/#.XcHA7iVOklQ.

 

“The Role of Trade in Ending Poverty.” World Bank, Worldbank.org, https://www.worldbank.org/en/topic/trade/publication/the-role-of-trade-in-ending-poverty.

 

Vallas, Rebecca, and Melissa Boteach. “The Top 10 Solutions to Cut Poverty and Grow the Middle Class.” Center for American Progress, Americanprogress.org, 17 Sept. 2014, https://www.americanprogress.org/issues/poverty/news/2014/09/17/97287/the-top-10-solutions-to-cut-poverty-and-grow-the-middle-class/.

  • : Japan
  • : Christopher Mojares

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Committee: United Nations Development Programme

Topic: Eradication of Poverty 

Country: India

Delegate: Kiki Katsumata-Smith 

 

Poverty is an epidemic worldwide that cannot be solved with a simple solution. It’s true that poverty rates have declined significantly since 1990, from a decrease of 36% of the world’s population impoverished to 10%. That being said there are still 736 million people in the world who live on less than $1.90 day and don’t have vital resources such as food, and clean water. Along with that there is another 1.3 Billion people who live in multidimensional poverty. 

 

Furthermore, the country of India has suffered from the impacts of poverty and is struggling to find solutions. India is the second most populated country in the world and 30% of the population lives in extreme poverty- surviving on $1.25 a day, and another 640 million people live in multidimensional poverty. There are 200 million people do not have a consistent access to food. These people are exposed to unhygienic conditions that cause make them susceptible to diseases such as cholera, typhus and dysentery. Due to these conditions India has one of the highest child mortality rates, and 1.4 million children die before the age of five. There are laws in India regardering child labor however they are not strict and children over 12.5 million children have joined he workforce illegally, and only 25% of children have access to education. 

 

The Indira Awas Yojana (IAY) was enacted to provide rural housing benefits, it’s predicted to create 20 lakh houses and 65% of these houses will be in rural areas. Along with that the Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY) is working to provide financial assistance to those in need by proving things such as a basic savings account, insurance, credit as and when needed, pensions and remittances. We agree with these initiatives, however there needs to be more done to solve the apparent issues with poverty, such as initiatives that can provide more jobs, and raising the minimum wage to a wage that people can live on. 

  • : India
  • : Kiki Katsumata-Smith

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The elimination of global poverty is an extremely difficult subject to tackle because of its decentralization. There are, of course, several countries that are especially in need of assistance and regions such as sub-Saharan Africa and central Asia, but due to the nature of the global economy poverty necessarily exists in even the most wealthy countries. We need to find a solution that ends global poverty everywhere rather than just propping up a wealthy class in countries that are lacking capital. The UNDP needs to promote an economic system that allows for economic mobility without the wealth flowing only to the already wealthy nations. The Kingdom of Thailand currently shares the problem with many countries of the “Middle-income trap” where our country is unable to keep up with the prices in the global marketplace because of high wages and lower economies of scale.

 

The United Nations has been consistently dedicated to ending poverty, but have fallen short. The sustainable development goal of ending poverty by the year 2030 is projected to be a failure with an estimated 6% still living in extreme poverty and 8% of workers in extreme poverty. Extreme poverty has also had a direct connection with the lack of disaster relief with nearly 3 trillion dollars spent on recovering from disasters from 1998 to 2017. The framework is here for substantive change, but currently, there is little to no incentive for countries to follow plans like the Education 2030 framework for action and the Sendai framework for disaster relief that would help our cause. 

 

The way to truly end poverty is to empower the workers in our society. If we ensure that all workers are being paid a fair wage productivity will shoot up and global poverty can be ended. The problem is that nation-states must act together or else private companies will simply move to the nation that has the lowest wages. So, the nation-states that form the United Nations should act together in forming a pact for a global minimum wage by regions. We should also provide incentives for some of the programs we currently have such as providing incentives for businesses to move to impoverished countries and providing incentives for countries with the lowest unemployment rate. As well it is important to also prioritize the huge amount of the nations of the world that are stuck in that middle-income trap. Poland is a nation that recently escaped this middle-income trap, and a large portion of the reason was because of the global integration of domestic markets. We need to foster trade in middle-income countries by modernizing the trade to ensure the efficiency of the markets and while massive economies right now without the unfair competition of larger economies. We should form a promise between middle and low-income countries to trade amongst ourselves to boost production and wages among our people.  

Works Cited:

 Aldaz-Carroll, Enrique, et al. “How to Avoid the Middle-Income Trap: Lessons from Poland, a European Tiger.” Brookings, Brookings, 18 Dec. 2018, www.brookings.edu/blog/future-development/2018/12/17/how-to-avoid-the-middle-income-trap-lessons-from-poland-a-european-tiger/.

Baunach, Leo, et al. “The Time Has Come for a Global Minimum Wage.” Inequality.org, inequality.org/research/ilo-global-minimum-wage/.

“Minimum Wage By Country 2019.” World Population Review, worldpopulationreview.com/countries/minimum-wage-by-country/.

  • : Thailand
  • : Jackson Bell

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United Nations Development Program

The Eradication of Poverty

Greece

Jenny Qi, Forest Hills Northern High School

 

Poverty is an issue that every nation has dealt with, and is still a problem that every nation faces today. Poverty in today’s society is described as a measure of people who fall below a specific line of income, also called the poverty line. However, the issue of poverty can not only be defined as the lack of income but also the lack of a cumulation of basic necessities and rights important to life such as food and nutrition, shelter, and political voice and power. According to the World Bank, in 2015, ten percent of the world population lived on less than 1.9 US dollars per day, which is nearly thirty-six percent down from 1990. Though poverty seems to be improving at a world scale, many aspects of poverty are still deeply ingrained into developing nations. 

Greece has a long history of poverty and especially after the Great Recession, Greece has experienced large amounts of poverty. After a Greek economic crisis that started in 2008, which was triggered by the damage of the worldwide Great Recession, the poverty rate increased by 40% according to a Cologne Institute of Economic Research study on European economy. From 2012 to 2018, the Troika offered Greece three international bailout programs that included many harsh conditions including high taxes and less spending, and while this prevented Greece from going bankrupt, the unemployment and poverty rates increased. Since the bailout program ended in 2018, there have been many positive developments such as the economy projected to increase by 2% in 2019 and 2020, and while unemployment is decreasing, it is still unacceptably high. Greece is also currently working on fixing banks that remain crippled by past due loans. Today, 15% of the Greece population lives in extreme poverty and more than a third, or 34% of the population is at risk of poverty.

The government has taken many steps in an attempt to eradicate poverty in Greece and though poverty has increased in the previous years, Greece believes that poverty will slowly decline in the long run with tax increases and cuts, as the economy continues to recover. As said before, banks are dampening growth prospects and causing financial stability risks. With the Hercule Asset Protection Scheme, it aims to decrease the amount of bad loans in banks without effecting the market with government subsides by cutting loans at Greek banks by 30 million euros, which is about 40% of the total amount of bad loans in Greek banks. This way, Greece’s economy will be more stable in the long run, leading to less poverty.

Greece acknowledges that the correlation between economic growth and poverty has weakened over time. However, Greece’s poverty rate was much lower before the economic crisis, and because of this, Greece believes that by working towards improving and recovering our economy, poverty rates will begin to decrease. Greece advises the United Nations Development Program to continue developing solutions and reforms to gradually decrease poverty. Greece looks forward to working with other nations to form solutions in order to decrease poverty.

  • : Greece
  • : Jenny Qi

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Country: Brazil 

Committee: UNDP

Topic: Eradication of Poverty

Delegate: Josh Glynn

School: Williamston High School

 

Despite nearly all countries across the world working tirelessly to halt and eventually diminish the cycle of poverty, such efforts have proven to be minimal in their beneficial effects. Poor managerial operations at the federal level created the foundation for poverty at the citizen level. Weak healthcare systems, infrastructure, and telecommunication technology (to name a few), are some of the factors that prematurely handed citizens a disadvantage. Without fundamental methods of transportation to utilize, many job possibilities are immediately dismissed. The absence of a quality healthcare system creates a society where many find themselves prioritizing overcoming an illness rather than being active in the workforce. With outdated communication technology, information is relayed at a upsettingly slow rate causing negative effects in many areas of society.

 

Brazil not only acknowledges the prevalence of poverty across the globe but is taking initiative to combat it. Within the country of Brazil, officials are looking to decrease government expenditures on the middle and upper classes in an effort to focus more closely on reducing poverty for the poorest 40% of the country’s population. Brazil has created a method to house those in need of shelter with the creation of Minha Casa, Minha Vida program. Another program implemented by the Brazilian government was called Bolsa Família. The system gave financial aid to families that made less than a set amount. In order to receive the aid, the parents must ensure their children are meeting health and educational requirements. This program will benefit the country in the long run as these children will harness their education within the Brazilian workforce and thus strengthen the national economy. The Brazilian government not only looks to further limit poverty in its own country but also those around the world.

 

Brazil proposes that gender inequality be reduced through proposed standards that would be agreed upon by countries that are members of the United Nations. Ensuring that women have equal educational opportunities will greatly decrease the chance of marriage before the age of eighteen. Also, women that lack education generally spread HIV/AIDS at a higher rate which is a significant root for poverty. Education is another vital topic that needs attention. UNESCO reported that the ability to read can remove 171 million people from severe poverty. Those with an education can give back much more to the country they grew up in, making education mutually beneficial to the government and its citizens. Brazil unfortunately witnesses poverty firsthand, that is why we deeply understand its inauspicious effects and look to work with countries such as the United States and Germany as they share similar views on the steps to take in reducing poverty.

 

  • : Brazil
  • : Josh Glynn

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SUBMITTED TO: United Nations Development Programme

FROM: The Socialist Republic of Vietnam

SUBJECT: Eradication of Poverty

 

Poverty is a global issue that no nation is immune to. The root causes of this issue in every country stems from the lack of basic structures in society such as infrastructure, education, transportation, healthcare, economic resources, and technology. The Socialist Republic of Vietnam was heavily plagued by this problem, but has taken measures in the past decades to improve the welfare of our citizens. The Vietnam War caused a major set back in the productivity of our nation, devastating the agricultural industry leading to a spike in our poverty rate. The poverty rate has fallen from nearly 60 percent in the 1990s to about 20 percent in 2010 due to the implementation of a Steering Committee to help the Prime Minister with implementation of strategy and programs; the strategies and programs being Comprehensive Poverty Reduction and Growth Strategy (CPRGS), Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility Programme(PRGF), and Poverty Reduction Credit Support Programme (PRSC). The programmes helped with development of rural and urban areas economically and socially within Vietnam, significantly decreasing the overall poverty rate of our nation.

This committee should address the topic of eradicating poverty by encouraging nations to create their own steering committees to help develop guidelines to build economic and social stability in regions heavily impacted by poverty. The committee can help set up a framework for the development of these steering committees. There should also be encouragement of the implementation of the PRGF and PRSC programmes that help with integrating macroeconomic policies with social objectives in order to reduce poverty and promote growth. The committee should also consider aspects of the CPRGS for reform for more pro-poor policies, increase in training and services for farmers, increase developement of rural infrastructure, and increased socio-economical research. Individual nations can find funding, with low interest rate loans, to implement these actions from the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund through the PRGF and PRSC. All these aspects mentioned above should be considered for an effective resolution. 

The Socialist Republic of Vietnam is looking forward to collaborating with other countries on this topic seeing that poverty is a global issue that must be dealt with. We are open to the ideas and opinions of other nations to combat this issue and hope an effective means of solving this issue will arise in committee. Vietnam urges nations to keep in mind the fact this problem can be significantly decreased over time with proper plans in place. Our nation hopes after this committee meets the world will be one step closer to crossing off one of the “Millennium Development Goals”.

 

Sources:

 

“Poverty Reduction in Vietnam: Remarkable Progress, Emerging Challenges.” World Bank, 24 Jan. 2013, www.worldbank.org/en/news/feature/2013/01/24/poverty-reduction-in-vietnam-remarkable-progress-emerging-challenges.

Pdf Comprehensive Poverty Reduction and Growth Strategy

 

“The Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF)– Operational Issues.” International Monetary Fund, www.imf.org/external/np/pdr/prsp/poverty2.htm.

 

Vietnam: Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper . International Monetary Fund , 2004, Vietnam: Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper , www4.unfccc.int/sites/NAPC/Country%20Documents/Parties/cr0425.pdf.

 

  • : The Socialist Republic of Vietnam
  • : Hava Szarafinski

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United Nations Development Program

Eradication of Poverty

Federal Republic of Somalia

Naman Jain

Forest Hills Eastern

 

About 736 million people around the world live in extreme poverty. They are severely deprived of basic human needs such as access to food, shelter, and clean water. The eradication of poverty is an urgent social, and economic issue. The United Nations Development Program(UNDP)’s number one goal is to end poverty. They have halved the number of people in destitution in the last ten years. Nevertheless, in countries like Somalia, poverty is still a major issue.  Most of the crucial components of poverty are deficits in education, transportation, healthcare, and other vital infrastructure. However, problems like climate change, food insecurity, and conflicts mean even more work is required to bring people out of poverty. To solve these problems the “Millennium Development Goals” were officially embraced by the UN and several targets were set to be achieved by 2015. One of these targets included the eradication of poverty. Unfortunately, this target has still not been accomplished. Previous attempts to battle poverty could become more effective if the way it is being addressed is changed; the United Nations Development Program should examine and attack the root causes of poverty, and not fall back to treating its effects. 

 

According to the UNDP, Somalia has an approximate poverty rate of 73%. With such a high poverty rate, Somalia understands the devastating effect that poverty can cause economically and socially. Somalia suffers from civil conflict, limited resources, food insecurity and a lack of an active central government which all enhance the problems of poverty. Recently, a drought struck Somalia causing famine and exacerbating the existing problems. The political instability in Somalia has caused standardized impoverishment from a lack of basic physical and organizational structures These absences have caused a spiral leading to more poverty. According to their latest National Development Plan, Somali authorities have been focusing on “political stabilization, rebuilding state institutions, improving economic resilience, and reducing poverty.” However, it is not nearly enough. To end this spiral of insecurity and conflict and fund these critical humanitarian and development needs, Somalia desperately requires assistance. 

 

To address the problem, the causes of poverty must be resolved alongside mitigating the symptoms. It is paramount to the well being of a population to end the causes including unemployment, and unpreparedness for natural disasters and disease that stop populations from being productive. The growing social inequality caused by poverty is detrimental to economic growth Somalia proposes that the United Nations provide humanitarian assistance to those in poverty while helping countries provide and create government jobs and education to lift people out of their state. Somalia knows the incredible impact poverty can have on a country. Somalia supports assistance in creating physical infrastructures, increasing basic resources and services, supporting damaged communities to attack the foundation of poverty through various NGOs such as Action Aid International and CARE. A resolution that advocates for addressing the causes of poverty within a nation will improve the global world both socially and economically. 

  • : Federal Republic of Somalia
  • : Naman Jain

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United Nations Development Programme

Eradication of Poverty

Republic of the Union of Myanmar

Mariya Jahan

Forest Hills Eastern

 

Poverty is a critical issue that requires a resolution. Thirty-six percent of the world’s population is in critical poverty. This is a concern because it prohibits countries from progressing because there is always a lower class that needs aid. As of 2015, thirty-two percent of Myanmar’s population lives below the poverty line and the purchasing power for employed population consisted of only $1.90 a day (ADB). Eighty percent of the rural area lacks electricity and thirty-seven percent lack clean drinking water (World Banks Blog). A large reason for the increase in poverty in Myanmar is because of the natural disasters. People who were financially struggling prior to the effects of Cyclone Nargis especially struggled after this disaster because they could not afford shelter. The increasing poverty will limit the potential of future generations to enhance Myanmar’s society. Myanmar’s economy is also constantly fluctuating due to the amount of money put into repairing after disaster. Myanmar urges that the United Nations must come together to ensure that families are able to progress and reach their needed resources.

 

In the past few years, Myanmar has stressed the reduction of poverty. From 2012 to 2015, Myanmar increased its investments and government spending on more economic services, this led to more infrastructure projects and allowed its rural areas to become more developed. In 2017, the World Bank granted the Myanmar government $200 million. The World Bank’s main goal, according to U Kyaw Win, the Union Minister for finance and planning, is to, “reduce poverty and help increase access to public services for Myanmar people including electricity, education, and health.”  The World Bank also supported reforms such as rising inflation, debt, efficient government spending, and collecting taxes. The government created reforms and accepted help from outside organizations and nations. Myanmar has recognized the needs of their population in poverty and increased access to social services, attempted to reduce vulnerability to disasters, and encourage growth in the rural populations. 

 

Myanmar encourages the United Nations Development Programme to come together to create reforms to ensure that the thirty-two percent poverty line will slowly decrease. A funding will be required and the aid from different countries are needed. A resolution that addresses the critical issue of poverty will address the scarcity of food, electricity, clean drinking water, and infrastructure.

 

  • : Myanmar
  • : Mariya Jahan

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United Nations Development Program

Eradication of Poverty

Finland

Anay Moitra

Forest Hills Eastern

 

The eradication of poverty is a crucial discussion in the modern world. It is a key factor because 8.6% of humans of the world are in poverty. In September of 2000, the “Millennium Development Goals” were embraced officially in the UN and a number of targets were set to be achieved by 2015. One of the targets was the Eradication of Poverty—something that is unfortunately still ongoing today. Poverty is essentially the lack of money, although more elements influence it, such as impoverished people not being able to pay their bills or indigent nations that cannot support their people. Most of the crucial components of poverty are deficits in education, transportation, healthcare and other vital infrastructure and they are all major impediments to successfully boosting people out of poverty. To resolve this issue, the United Nations must explore solutions that attack the causes of poverty.

 

As a wealthy country, poverty is not a massive problem in Finland. Only 8% of its population is below the poverty line. However, Finland has developed a decent amount of anti-poverty policies such as paying its citizens higher and providing proper levels of education to lead students right to employment, thus helping decrease the poverty rate. Numerous organizations such as Star of Hope have risen in Finland to support the poor and needy. These non-profit organizations help empower those in need to become self-reliant. Poverty in Finland is one of the lowest in the world because of its social benefits and is on the verge of increasing as the employment rates escalate. The Borgen Project is an international organization that guides people out of poverty. According to the Borgen Project, the Finnish economy grew in 2015 for the first time since 2011. It proceeded to advance after 2016 and unique programs were held such as a trial that lasted two years, that paid two thousand unemployed citizens 560 euros per month. They were founded on the sole purpose to keep people out of poverty and decrease the unemployment rate. Finland continues to be in a relatively wonderful position, but the growth of unemployment is concerning as it could lead to the economy diminishing in the future. 

 

Although 736 million around the world are in poverty, it is not a major issue in Finland. Finland proposes that the United Nations aid other nations in need of economic growth. This will not only get more people out of poverty, but also decrease the unemployment rate rapidly. It is important that nations in poverty receive favorable guidance because it will only result in the economy growing and more people can effectively participate in society. A resolution which focuses on and eliminates poverty will benefit the whole world.

 

  • : Finland
  • : Anay Moitra

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United Nations Development Program

The Eradication of Poverty

Republic of Ukraine 

Maya Streng, Forest Hills Northern High School

 

Poverty is something every country and Nation has experienced. Poverty however has become a much bigger problem over the last few days. According to the World Bank in 2015 ten percent of the world’s population had to live on only about one dollar a day. Most people nowadays think all there is to poverty is a lack of money. Poverty however is much more complicated in some places poverty is caused because of lack of jobs and shelter. The issue of poverty is trying to be resolved and slowly the amount of people living in extreme poverty is being reduced.Overall since 1990 to 2015 overall poverty rates have gone down 25 percent from 36 percent to only 11 percent. 

Ukraine is very aquanticed with poverty in 2016 ukraine was voted as the second poorest country in europe. Now 60 percent of citizens that live in ukraine are below the poverty line. Although Ukraine has tried to improve the poverty situation there temps have not worked to well. Poverty rates have just continued to fall.Ukraine has tried many solutions to improve poverty but most have just been a fruitless attempt and don’t improve much.

One way to help start improving the poverty rates in Ukraine is to start by improving labor in Ukraine. Ukraine can start by teaching the most productive and effective way of cultivating.Ukraine has the largest amount of fertile land in europe. When you can improve that labor then you will start to get more use out of the land and then people will start getting a more steady income. Also the government will start getting more income because they will begin to receive more money from trading resources and supplies. 

Ukraine knows that not just one solution will completely solve their poverty problem. Ukraine knows that we will have to attempt many things and we may not be able to use same solutions as other countries in Europe but we will try as many solutions as we can to help improve living conditions in Ukraine. Ukraine wants its citizens to have good jobs and incomes to support families. Ukraine looks forward to working with our fellow nations to try to solve the ongoing problem of poverty in our world.

 

  • : Ukraine
  • : Maya Streng

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United Nations Development Program

Eradication of Poverty

Trinidad and Tobago

Vishnu Mano

Forest Hills Eastern

 

Poverty has become a pressing issue in numerous countries. At least 783 million documented people live under the international poverty line of $1.90 per day. Over 10% of the employed population of the world lives on less than $2.00 a day. A majority of the countries measure poverty based on income and overall wealth. However, multidimensional poverty affects many countries, especially third world countries as well as newly formed countries. Poverty multiplies as time goes on; each generation passes on their poverty to the next. 

 

Trinidad and Tobago gained independence in 1962 from the United Kingdom and is a high-income developing country. Unemployment is at 4% and even though Trinidad and Tobago is the richest country in the Caribbean, the poverty rate is still 20%. The GDP per capita of the island duo makes it the third richest country in the Americas. Trinidad and Tobago has a strong economy based around the oil and gas industries. A decrease in oil prices in recent years has led to lower wages and economic stagnation. Trinidad and Tobago is recognized as a high-income country according to the World Bank with an increasing poverty rate. A major problem in Trinidad and Tobago is multidimensional poverty, including a lack of education, poor health care, inadequate living standards, and poor quality of work. To combat this problem, the government has been diversifying the economy and developing non-fossil fuel-based industries. This may lead to higher wages, a better standard of living, a decrease in the multidimensional poverty rate, and ultimately, a decrease in the overall poverty rate.

Trinidad and Tobago is amidst a poverty crisis that needs to be addressed. The strong oil-based economy in Trinidad and Tobago is slowly crumbling due to a decrease in oil prices. This is creating a decrease in wages that is lowering the standard of living and affecting multidimensional poverty negatively. Trinidad and Tobago strongly suggest continued funding for diversifying the economy to decrease multidimensional poverty. Trinidad and Tobago also urges the United Nations to increase funding to help countries decrease their poverty. Trinidad and Tobago will incorporate ideas and plans from NGOs like KV Lifeline Foundation, Associates of Caribbean States, and Asociacion Agricola Juan Pablo Duarte, Inc. in our resolutions to reduce the multidimensional poverty rates around the world.  

  • : Trinidad and Tobago
  • : Vishnu Mano

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United Nations Development Programme

Eradication of Poverty

Democratic Republic of the Congo 

Tanvi Ravi

Forest Hills Eastern

 

Globally, 3 billion people, nearly half of the world’s population, lives in poverty. According to UNICEF, 22,000 children die every day because of poverty. Poverty is a crucial issue to discuss in the global world. The issue of how to most effectively reduce poverty and how to best aid those living in poverty requires a resolution. Even in developed countries like the United States of America, poverty is still a prevalent issue. In fact, according to Poverty USA, 38.1 million people lived in poverty in 2018. In the Democratic Republic of the Congo, 80 percent of the population lives in extreme poverty. There is an indispensable need for significantly more programs to drastically reduce poverty. The issue of how to effectively reduce poverty poses a question that is pivotal for our committee of the United Nations Development Programme to address. To eradicate poverty successfully and rapidly, the United Nations must devise a plan consisting of the necessary actions for eradicating poverty.

 

As a country with staggering poverty rates, The Democratic Republic of the Congo can fathom the difficulty of eradicating poverty and recognizes the need for drastic measures to be taken. Our president Felix Tshisekedi states that the government targets a 60 percent budget increase for 2020 in hopes of reducing poverty. The Democratic Republic of the Congo is making strides toward reducing poverty numbers; in fact, President Tshisekedi pledged to invest in water, electricity, and infrastructure to lift millions of people out of poverty over the next five years. Poverty remains a significant issue for the government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Oxfam, a major nonprofit organization operates in six provinces where it educates and aids people in poverty. Similarly, the World Bank is significantly helping to reduce poverty in the Democratic Republic of the Congo through many services similar to Oxfam. It promotes education, makes energy accessible, and significantly improves the health of those living in poverty. The Democratic Republic of the Congo requests the United Nations to increase funding for programs like Oxfam or the World Bank that promote eradicating poverty by educating, increasing availability to water and hygiene, as well as supporting livelihoods. The Democratic Republic of the Congo believes it is paramount to the welfare of almost half of the global population that funding is increased for programs that attempt to eradicate poverty.

The Democratic Republic of the Congo proposes that the United Nations increase funding toward a program that will help eradicate poverty by providing education, water, and hygiene to those living in poverty. In a country brimming with extreme poverty, The Democratic Republic of the Congo is prone to the devastating effects of poverty on a country. To help countries like The Democratic Republic of the Congo, the UN can aid in eradicating poverty by generating more funds toward programs and promoting these programs in nations that are in dire need of assistance in reducing poverty. A resolution that promotes funding and making eradicating poverty a significant priority for all nations will significantly aid in eradicating poverty globally.

  • : The Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • : Tanvi Ravi

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United Nations Development Program

Eradication of Poverty

Turkey

Nanda Murali

Forest Hills Eastern

 

Poverty is considered a symbolic issue in the global world. It is a very significant topic, and cannot be solved simply. According to the United Nations, poverty is not defined as a lack of money but as a lack of basic capacity to participate effectively in society. Although countries with low economic development tend to have higher rates of poverty, impoverished people are found in all nations. Simply fixing economies will not address the issue, nor will providing people with the necessities that they do not have. The ineffectiveness of previous attempts to battle poverty is due to the way it is being addressed; the United Nations Development Program should examine and attack the root causes of poverty, and not fall back to treating the effects. Each nation should analyze their domestic causes, and develop a plan to ensure changes and improvements in order to battle the issue of modern poverty.

 

As an increasingly industrial nation, Turkey is focused on decreasing the issue of poverty. Deficits in healthcare contribute to poverty- the quality of Turkey’s healthcare is steadily improving, and since 2014 there has been near-universal health insurance coverage. To combat this, the Turkish government has developed a system geared at helping those that receive welfare to escape poverty. The Ministry of Family and Social Policies has worked to integrate social assistance programs from entirely paper-based to electronically, which has contributed to the efforts more effectively. Although Turkey’s GDP has nearly tripled in the past ten years, many of the people do not see this growth and still end up in poverty.  According to the World Bank (2018), the poverty rate fell from 44% to 18.5% between 2002 and 2014. However, the Syrian refugee crisis from 2014 onward has placed a burden on the government, slowing down efforts for social assistance. Among the The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), income distribution in Turkey continues to be one of the most unequal. According to the Turkish Statistical Institute, the top 10% of earners received 31.4% of income and the bottom 10% of earners received 2.4% of total income in 2017. This places Turkey as an average country in terms of poverty. Because of these factors, Turkey has the potential to greatly influence eradicating poverty, but also requires assistance in eradicating poverty domestically.

 

Poverty is particularly prevalent among people with lower educational attainment, workers in the informal sector, unpaid family careers and homemakers, and the elderly. Because of this, Turkey proposes that the United Nations focus welfare programs on those groups of people, regardless of the economic condition of the country. By regarding all countries equal, global poverty can be controlled throughout the world. Focusing on specific, developing countries will slow the process. A resolution that will eradicate poverty in all countries will ensure a prosperous world.

  • : Turkey
  • : Nanda Murali

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United Nations Development Programme

Eradication of Poverty

The Bahamas 

Stephanie Tolly

Forest Hills Eastern

 

Poverty affects billions across the globe to great extremes by increasing malnutrition, expanding unemployment, and denying access to education. The United Nations coins this term as a “lack of basic capacity to participate effectively in society.” Creating a solution that addresses the root of poverty is a key issue that requires a resolution. Historically, many living in poverty were born into the status and it continued through their offspring. As of 2005, nearly half of the world’s population, more than three billion people, lived on less than $2.50 a day. Although low income does not define poverty, low standards of living often prohibit humans from achieving self-sufficiency. Currently, 25.8% of the Bahamian youth population is unemployed. The issues of solving poverty and addressing the needs of those living in poor conditions remain pivotal questions that the United Nations Development Programme must address. In order for peoples of the world to live in suitable environments that promote independence, the United Nations must clearly define a method to prevent the continuation of poverty and target its source. 

 

As a country with an economy that is heavily dependent on tourism and is frequently devastated by natural disasters, The Bahamas understand the disastrous effects of poverty on the economy and society. According to the Prime Minister, Hubert Minnis, “public finances are being restored” and “the annual deficit has been reduced by half” as The Bahamas makes “significant social investments in education and entrepreneurship programmes” as well as “combats crime.” Additionally, the Organization of American States (OAS) collaborated with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, as well as the Ministry of Education of The Bahamas. These organizations offered fellowships and scholarships in an attempt to reduce poverty. Similarly, the University of the Bahamas and the OAS have collectively begun attempting to reduce poverty through a means of promoting education and technological advancement.

 

In order to prevent nations from facing social inequality and provide all humans with an equal opportunity to achieve self-sufficiency, The Bahamas urges the United Nations to identify the source of poverty. After determining the source, the United Nations must develop a standardized program to eradicate this pertinent global condition as it affects every nation of the earth. It is paramount to the general prosperity of humans that poverty is expunged by a means of education, medical aid, and economic stimulation across the globe. Second, The Bahamas proposes that the United Nations establish a means of stimulating the economies of nations around the world in order to promote social advancements for the less fortunate. As a country with a portion of the population living in poverty, The Bahamas has experienced the effects that social unrest and economic stagnation have on a country. In order to prevent this, the United Nations can increase education, promote medical aid, and provide recession-proof jobs to those in poverty. A resolution that advocates a focussed response to the source of poverty will help ensure the prosperity of humanity and nations. 

  • : The Bahamas
  • : Stephanie Tolly

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United Nations Development Programme

Eradication of Poverty

Cambodia

Nathan Jaymes Weller

Forest Hills Eastern

 

Poverty remains one of the most prominent issues in the world. Nearly 1/2 the world’s population lives on less than $2.50 a day according to dosomething.org. However, poverty entails more than just a lack of money. Its issues include hunger and malnutrition, as well as lack of basic services and rights such as education. Without access to these services, it is  near impossible for people to reach their full potential, which can hurt worldwide economies even more. In general terms, poverty is defined as the “lack of basic capacity to participate effectively in society” according to tolerance.org. Every country struggles with the widespread issues of poverty in some way. In order for impoverished people and nations to reach a state of self-sufficiency, it is imperative that the United Nations work towards putting an end to poverty.

 

Poverty is a prominent issue in the country of Cambodia. From 2004 to 2016, Cambodia lowered its poverty rate from 53 to 15.6 percent (Borgen Magazine). Despite the tremendous steps towards ending poverty, however, it remains a major issue nonetheless, especially in rural populations. Cambodia has teamed up with the Asian Development Bank and the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) to further work towards putting poverty in Cambodia to an end. Cambodia has, with the help of these groups, engaged in numerous internal efforts, such as the Tonle Sap Poverty Reduction and Smallholder Development Project, to invest in rural people by providing them food security, health services, and strengthening resilience to natural disasters. Through these numerous efforts, it has been projected that Cambodia will become a high-income country by the year 2050, according to Borgen Magazine.

 

Much like the efforts taken by the Cambodian government, the UNDP should gain support from numerous worldwide funds, such as the Asian Development Bank and the International Monetary Fund, to supply resources, both monetary and not, to countries and populations in need. Funds should be used to supply those in need with food, clean water, and health care, but also work to expand education and other services to those who do not have access. Further, support can come from the International Fund for Agricultural Development and similar agencies and funds to boost economies and create work opportunities.

  • : Cambodia
  • : Nathan J Weller

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People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria

United Nations Development Programme: Eradication of Poverty

 

From developing nations to long-established developed nations, poverty is an issue the whole world faces. As the United Nations, we each have a voice in this topic and experiences to contribute. In order to eradicate it, we must understand what it is. The definition of poverty is up to interpretation and can be subjective in terms of the standard of living in a country. It is not the idea of poverty that is to be eliminated but the lack of opportunity for certain classes to climb. Certain aspects of a society may be the root cause of the put down of a class of people— transportation, health services, communication, education, etc. Depending on the country, having these available to any common citizen may eradicate poverty, allowing anyone to climb the ladder towards comfortable living. 

The People’s Republic of Algeria has faced recent challenges with poverty. We still work on this today; however, through government decisions, we have greatly reduced our poverty levels. In 1995, our poverty levels were at 14.1%, but by 2011, this decreased to 5.5%. These changes are mainly due to Algerian government decisions. Algeria created the Finance Bill 2016 which allocated funds towards education (15.9%), health (7.9%) and employment assistance (4.7%). As a result, Algeria’s literacy rate for fifteen and above has increased by 30% since 1990. Though beneficial, this is still not enough. Algeria’s wealth gap is incredibly high between the wealthy and the poor. This is mainly due to our high unemployment rates. Though education is easier to come by and health treatment more accessible, this does not help with the lack of available jobs. The Algerian government has offered programs to financially assist the jobless as well as job opportunities through youth agencies. One million people became employed as a result, but this is only a small dent. 

 

Algeria fully supports any effort to assist those in poverty. However, Algeria would like to see a detailed resolution for eradicating poverty in countries because providing a general outline such as more accessible education will only help a select few. With our previous experiences, the Algerian government understands the complexity of each country and their specific needs to eradicate their own forms of poverty. We’d like to see multiple resolutions passed so that all countries may be included or one specific resolution divided up for groups of similar countries. Algeria would recommend more active governments in the cases of their poorer citizens, providing agencies for citizens to work and increased support towards all people’s progression through funds or public education. 

  • : Algeria
  • : Annika Santos

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Committee: United Nations Development Program

Topic: Eradication of Poverty

Delegate: Amanda Jaworsky

School: Williamston High School

 

Poverty is an age-old problem that has plagued humanity since its very inception. Although often accepted as part of life, as the large disparity between poor and rich has made itself more known over the years it has become clear that this inequality and struggle cannot continue. Over 1.3 billion people in the world are currently living in extreme poverty and almost half the world’s population lives on less than $2.50 a day. Meanwhile, the wealthiest 1% of the world’s population own 45% of the world’s wealth and the world’s wealthiest (those owning more than 100k in assets) own 84% of global wealth. These statistics are a clear sign of the unfair and unfortunate economic systems that build extreme wealth for a few who are capitalizing off of the labor of the abused. The massive disparity between the world’s wealthiest and the world’s poorest has been perpetuated for too long-it is time for the UNDP to step up and dismantle the systems that have supported the inequality we see today. 

Afghanistan is no stranger to the struggles of poverty. In fact, as one of the poorest countries in the world, approximately 42% of Afghanistan’s population lives below the poverty and another 20% is on the verge of falling into poverty. The main reasons for this extreme poverty are the political unrest in the area, years of natural disasters plaguing the agricultural-based production, and low levels of investment. At times, Afghanistan has experienced economic growth, however this growth has only worked to widen the gap between rich and poor. Afghanistan has struggled to achieve any success in the area of poverty for many years, and the only successes they have had so far have come in the form of international aid. Most poor people in Afghanistan live in rural areas and do not have access to education; they also rely on agriculture and work as farm laborers for their main source of income. Both of these elements mean that Afghanistan needs to work on strengthening their agricultural sector as well as improving education rates to give children wider options for their future. 

What Afghanistan would love to see from the international community is a stronger focus on international aid being allocated to the root causes of poverty. For Afghanistan these root causes include funding for better education in rural areas where literacy rates are low and increased investment in the agricultural sector. Better education means the possibility for better jobs and a more well-trained workforce, which would strengthen Afghanistan’s economy. Further investment into one of Afghanistan’s main industries means more people employed and larger income for farmers, who make up a majority of those in poverty. Although these two goals are relatively specific to Afghanistan, on a more general level Afghanistan suggests that the UNDP focuses on creating a committee to oversee different economic areas within poverty-stricken countries and create a plan for improving the industries that most people in poverty are a part of as well as increase international funding for such projects. Although the road towards reaching a world without poverty is a long one, Afghanistan believes that if the international community binds together and faces the socioeconomic issues the world is seeing today, by the grace of Allah poverty will be eradicated.

 

  • : Afghanistan
  • : Amanda Jaworsky

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Forest Hills Central

New Zealand

United Nations Development Program: Eradication of Poverty

 

With special attention to countries of lower living standards and many people in poverty throughout sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. New Zealand would like to bring forth the problem that faces the world, poverty and extreme poverty such as the 602,000,000 of people who currently live in poverty. The definition of poverty is “the state of being extremely poor” which affects many countries, not just one we need to help all those in poverty around the world, not just those in our own country while leaving many others out to suffer, a rising tide lifts all boats.

 

New Zealand has a problem with poverty at 16.3% within our borders compared to some other western countries such as the U.S. at 12%. Our Poverty rate has steadily been increasing and while we are not a country that needs all the humanitarian aid we possibly have a problem with growing poverty and request that the U.N. passed resolutions to promote stable growth within all countries. Throughout the 20th and 21st century poverty has been steadily decreasing such as the decrease from 36% in 1990  to 10% in 2015 showing a generally good trend that could continue onward into the future hopefully bringing the general poverty rate down closer to 0%. Infrastructure is essential to limiting poverty by moving supplies through countries and it helps to provide a stable way for populations to move about, be more productive and get to work. With help from countries such as the U.S. and trade unions, we can promote stable growth in regions most affected by poverty such as Sub Saharan Africa and South Asia.

 

To help promote economic growth and destroy the poverty problem New Zealand would like to introduce solutions. The first deals with promoting infrastructure, to help figure out where more infrastructure and roads are needed we will create a map with higher and lower infrastructure per capita. The second part of the solution is to take those areas that have lower infrastructure and vote on the amount of aid, where the aid will be specifically used and when the funds should be allocated so as to make the greatest impact to help these people. Adding infrastructure will help to end the problems faced by so many with no money and no way to pay for these essential things that are taken for granted.

  • : New Zealand
  • : William McDonald

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Committee: United Nations Development Programme

Country: Republic of Rwanda

Topic: Eradication of Poverty

 

It was only 25 years ago that the country of Rwanda was devastated by genocide. After this period of tragedy the country introduced a number of policies to address the immediate challenges towards reducing poverty and improving people’s livelihoods. Since then, important changes have been observed in the economic, social, and governance (including justice) sectors.

Rwanda is now increasingly seen as a model for economic growth and a stable country in Africa. Real GDP has multiplied by more than 7 times in the last 20 years, the growth is coupled with  high stability which makes the country as part of Africa Stable growers; a growth that is mainly explained by the service sector especially in the last decade. This growth and good trends in poverty reduction has incited a number of policy and research questions both nationally and worldwide. One important question is to demonstrate the extent to which on-going economic growth policies, programs and home-grown initiatives have translated into poverty reduction in Rwanda.

Rwanda from its independence to the genocide was under constant structural injustice from different governmental regimes that prevented further economic growth or allow the poor to make any sort of economic progress. From that, the country of Rwanda strongly believes that poverty originates in the structural injustices of a social order which incapacitates the poor from participating in the growth generating sectors of the economy and leaves them captives in the so called “informal sector”, characterized by low productivity and low earning capacity. In such a system the poor remain individualized and dis-empowered which compels them to interact with the market economy on highly inequitable terms which leaves them to the lowest tiers of society. The need for a macro-policy designed to eliminate poverty is premised on the argument that poverty originates in the structural features of society which can only be addressed at the macro-level. Policy interventions, to redesign the structural sources of poverty, bring into consideration issues of social, political as well as economic reform.

Before the global recession, many resource-rich African countries were recording unprecedented levels of growth due to a raw material price boom. However, the collapse in raw material prices and the ensuing severe economic difficulties have again exposed the vulnerability of these countries’ natural resource export-focused economic structures. Africa’s abundance of natural resources attracted disruptive and predatory foreign forces that have hindered innovation-based growth and economic diversification by delaying the accumulation of sufficient stocks of human capital. For Rwanda, as a resource-rich African country, the shift from natural to human resources and technological capabilities were needed to transform those natural resources into valuable goods and services to compete in the global market.

African countries are highly dependent on natural resources. Natural capital assets are thus critical to the economic activities and the livelihood of millions of people who depend on fertile soil, forests, fisheries, and other resources from nature. The exploitation of these resources has fostered rates of economic growth, which in recent years, have been among the strongest in the world. Notwithstanding such economic performance, African countries continue to face persistent poverty and unemployment and underemployment, particularly among the continent’s fast growing young population. 

At the same time, the potential for future economic growth and development itself is put at risk, as a result of environmental degradation, climate change, desertification, and other environmental risks and resource scarcities, which are driven by internal and external factors. The natural capital that is an essential basis for wealth creation faces mounting pressure at a time when African countries need to meet the growing demand for water, food and health and to reduce poverty and stimulate economic activity to create employment and raise income levels. 

With all of this said, this committee therefore, must consider the resounding effects of what are bound to be its most popular proposals. What are the pathways to industrial growth which can create greater employment, produce higher outputs with lower inputs, and enhance competitiveness for African economies? How can vulnerabilities created by climate change, desertification and external shocks in the world economy be tempered, if not eliminated?  What are the most effective interventions for reducing the social gap in educational outcomes? How can policy incentivize the creation of high-quality jobs for people at risk of poverty? How can decision-makers and decision-making processes be made more responsive to the needs of people experiencing poverty?

 This committee’s resolution must answer these questions and achieve three things if it is to accurately and wholly address the issue of eradicating poverty around the world. The first is simple and effortless: we must recognize the axiomatic principle that the world does not belong to a one size fits all approach to ending poverty. While there are many examples of success stories for the reduction of poverty, there is no guarantee it will work for everyone. The second is a shift in focus. Countries across the international community must assist one another in developing approaches to eradicating poverty that are sustainable on a country-by-country basis and not solely contingent upon defined guidelines that will lead to success. The third is for all countries to recognize their specific needs and goals that will work best in eliminating poverty in not only their own country but also their regions.

 

In this committee, there is a new opportunity to determine better ways to eradicate poverty in a manner that will work for nations all around the world. This is whether they are a developing nation with significant poverty or a developed nation continuing to work towards total eradication of poverty. This is a serious topic that has years of research on it, however has not yet found one single set of guidelines that works for all countries. Rwanda looks forward to working with the committee on creating approaches that will not limit countries to one single way of eliminating poverty.

 

  • : Republic of Rwanda
  • : Tyler Cattini

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Country: Morocco

Committee: UNDP

Topic: Eradication of Poverty

Delegate: Marie Schafer

School: Williamston High School

 

Poverty has been around as long as human existence. It not only affects third world countries, but we find this state of extreme lack of wealth in every single country around the world. Around 1.85 billion people, or 36 percent of the world’s population, live in extreme poverty. Nearly half the population in developing countries lived on less than one dollar, and twenty-five cents a day. Although there is still a lot of poverty around the world, the United Nations has made great strides towards reducing it. Since 1990, a quarter of the world has risen out of extreme poverty. The United Nations has set the goal of eradicating poverty as one of their eight “Millenium Development Goals”. This goal of eradicating poverty doesn’t merely mean simply providing those living with very little resources or money with the necessary items that they need, but rather it means that these impoverished people must be ensured the capacity to live. 

 

Morocco has a very low poverty rate of only 4.2 percent of its citizens considered to be poor. They have made great strides from the year 1998 when 16.3 percent of Mororocans were considered to be in poverty. This number decreased by almost half in the year 2007 with only 8.9 percent considered to be poor. By 2014, this number had taken another great jump to a meager 4.2 percent of the people of Morocco being defined as impoverished. Unfortunately, much of this poverty can be traced to the rural areas of the country, where about 18 percent of the citizens are living in poverty or were once considered to be vulnerable. In 2005, Morocco announced the National Human Development Initiative Support Project (INDH). The project’s $1 million budget and five-year timeline are intended to improve living conditions of citizens, reduce poverty throughout the country, assist vulnerable demographics and support families in dire need. The main problem behind poverty in Morocco is the illiteracy and financial inequity. This makes it difficult for Moroccans to transition out of poverty because of the fact that over a quarter of Morocco’s adult population is illiterate. 

 

 

Even though Morocco has already made so many strides towards the eradication of poverty, they plan on making so many more. One of the main things that the country wants to focus on is education. This is because Improved literacy levels can reduce poverty drastically. Not only does education lift families out of poverty, but it also keeps them from falling back into it. Children who receive an education attain skills that render them a vital component of the workforce, and it is less likely that they will end up in the 4% of the population that lives in poverty. While this is a long term project, one of the short term ideas that Morocco is looking to implement includes a way to reduce the number of vulnerable jobs. 40% of the jobs in Morocco involve agriculture. This means that more than 40% of the jobs are vulnerable to changing weather conditions. Decreasing the susceptibility of these jobs may further reduce the amount of poverty found across the world.

 

  • : Morocco
  • : Marie Schafer

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United Nations Development Programme

The Eradication of Poverty

Republic of Costa Rica

Evan Calderón, Forest Hills Northern High School

 

Poverty has existed since the most basic economies of bartering. Since then, however, poverty and the issue surrounding it has expanded and become a much more complicated issue as many more factors in today’s society account for what is considered poor. In modern society, poverty can simply be describing a lack of basic necessities such as income, education, shelter, healthcare, and more. Today, the World Bank’s definition of poverty is chosen as a result of a study of over 30 countries’ individual poverty lines and molding that into a common standard unit while taking into consideration the Consumer Price Index, which in the end amounts to 31 US dollars per month, or roughly a dollar a day.

Costa Rica is no stranger to the idea of poverty nor the eradication of the issue. In 1982, around 48% of households in the nation were affected by poverty. Through the work of activists and policy changes, Costa Rica was able to cut down on the figure and bring it down to under 16% in 1994. As of 2018, more than 22,000 people have been lifted out of extreme poverty and over 115,000 people have been lifted out of multidimensional poverty.   

The first step in tackling poverty is defining what poverty is. The World Bank’s definition of the international poverty line is lacking and arbitrary for most countries. For example, in Costa Rica, around 20% of the population falls under the national poverty line while only 2% of the population falls under the international poverty line. This can be changed by following the lead of Costa Rica and transitioning to the Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) developed by the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative. This index shows poverty not solely based on income, but rather looks at a myriad of factors from healthcare to education. Costa Rica has used many methods to reduce poverty, but the most effective one has been using a progressive tax system, public expenditures which resulted in an investment in a world-class universal health care system and very progressive social protection measures. All of these have combined to drastically reduce the national poverty rate. 

Costa Rica acknowledges that there is no one size fits all policy that will solve poverty. However, countries similar to Costa Rica can take up initiatives that have worked for Costa Rica, such as those listed above. Moreover, progressive actions should be taken in these situations, such as social spending, progressive taxation, and more labor rights, as they have all been proven to reduce income inequality in the past. Lastly, it has been proven that there is not enough correlation to say that economic growth reduces poverty and is a fallacy to follow the examples of India and Brazil. Costa Rica looks forward to working with all nations to come up with a cohesive solution to tackle this pervasive issue.

 

  • : Republic of Costa Rica
  • : Evan Calderon

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11-11-19

SUBMITTED TO: United Nations Development Programme

FROM: Republic of Korea

SUBJECT: Eradication of Poverty

Royal Oak High School

Allyson Gilliland

 

Poverty is an issue that most, if not all, countries struggle with at one time or another. While just about 2% of South Koreans are influenced by poverty, 8.6 percent of the world, or 736 million individuals, live in extraordinary amounts of poverty or live on $1.90 or less a day. 

The Korean War of 1950-1953 crushed the nation, slaughtering a great many individuals and scaring those who survived. At the beginning of the war, North Korean fighters poured over the fringe and moved through a large portion of South Korea and, in the aftermath, the economy was demolished and a large number of families were split up and moved apart. Living through this horror scarred the nation, but also allowed for rebirth to take place. Poverty in South Korea has been in extreme decline since the mid-twentieth century, especially the total destitution rate. In the last 50 years, South Korea’s GDP has increased from 2.63 billion to 1.84 trillion. It stands as the 11th wealthiest nation on earth and it the 7th biggest exporting country.

The major question at hand today is whether South Korea affected by poverty if the country is so wealthy – and if so, what actions are being taken to help? Poverty in South Korea today is extremely evident in the population over the age of 65. 48.6% of citizens within this age group suffer from poverty. About 1/4 of them live alone, and high levels of isolation and depression have led to a dramatic rise in elderly suicide, from 34 per 100,000 people in 2000 to 72 per 100,000 in 2010. Anecdotal evidence suggests many decide to take their own lives to avoid becoming a burden to their families. The main reason is that older people struggle to find work.

Though there is no indefinite solution to end poverty, South Korea supports a plan that focuses on the long term outcome, and helpful to all, rather than short term aid. Short term aid is also appreciated, but in the long run, that aid just scratches the surface. To majorly help/assist countries in need, the UN and supporting countries need to send long term food, men, and materials to aid.

 

The Republic of Korea looks forward to collaborating with all other nations on the current topic and learning from other’s views.

 

  • : Republic of Korea
  • : Allyson Gilliland

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Committee: United Nations Development Programme

Topic: Eradication of Poverty

Country: France

Delegate: Aneesa Berner

 

France is deeply concerned with the high numbers that are impoverished around the world and also within our countries borders. According to World Bank, from a population of 7.5 billion, 736 Million people live on less than $1.90 a day around the world. The most devastating part of this statistic is the number of children affected by poverty, 385 million. Furthermore, according to UNICEF,  22,000 million children die from poverty everyday. France recognizes that the cycle of poverty is difficult to overcome and, therefore, has recently implemented national policies that have a large focus on the eradication of poverty among children and teens. 

 

 Today in France, 8.8 million people live below the EU set poverty line and a third of these are children. Just over a year ago the government of France implemented a new string of policies that were designed to aid in reducing the number of impoverished people in France with specifics that are meant for long term reform. The policies included providing breakfast to children that attend schools in low-income neighborhoods, training 600,000 new people to work with children, and implementing compulsory job training until the age of 18 for those who dropout of school. Although the government of France has numerous policies to work to end poverty in the country’s borders, there is also a government run program that works to aid and fund programs for over 115 other countries. The program titled, The Agence Française de Développement, works to improve education, water and sanitation, agriculture, governing, and employment in specific poverty ridden areas. One example of work done by this agency was a program developed for the country of Cameroon to help employ their citizens in rebuilding infrastructure after the war. This allowed for the employment of 3,500 Cameron citizen’s who previously had no income. The French government focuses policies on poverty on preparing lower-income children and adults to join the workforce. The French delegation believes that policies focused on bettering lives for the future has a greater impact than simply implementing a financial support system. 

 

The French delegation agrees with “Implementation of the Third United Nations Decade for the Eradication of Poverty” when it acknowledges the importance of “multifaceted and integrated approach” to the eradication of poverty. France encourages that the recommendations put forth to achieve the eradication of poverty be all inclusive of social, economic, and governmental solutions. The French delegation stresses the importance of policies to better education, job training, and equality in the workforce, as children and women are unequally affected by poverty. The French delegation would support resolutions that stress the importance of bettering children’s education, the development of job training in poverty ridden areas, and the  construction of daycares to allow more women to be employed. 

 

  • : France
  • : Aneesa Berner

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11-13-2019

SUBMITTED TO: United Nations Development Programme

FROM: Russian Federation

Subject: Eradication of Poverty

Royal Oak High School

Nina Hall

Poverty around the globe is a major issue for society. Russia is affected by poverty as much as the rest of the world. They have an exceptionally high rate of poverty for their population. Around 19.2 million Russians fell under the poverty line in 2016, a significant increase from the previous year which was around 16.1 million. With this rate of growth, it is becoming a serious concern for most of the population and Russia is willing to help in the aid and relief of poverty.

How does this affect Russia? What Actions is the nation taking towards this issue? According to studies around 10% of the world lives in poverty. Russia currently has one of the highest poverty rates in the world at 13.1%. This is due to the high rate of people employed in agriculture. 9.4% of the population works in the agricultural business. Because of the climate in Russia, it is not a very sustainable line of labor. 

While that is one factor, another factor is the financial crisis that took place in 1998. The ILO Moscow Office invited Mr Khan, a leading specialist on poverty issues,  to provide consultations on poverty monitoring and development of poverty reduction strategy. The financial crisis of August 1998 brought a wide-scale decline in living standards, thus the UNDP together with the ILO Moscow Office held the round table “The August Crisis and Poverty Scale in Russia”. By doing so the two groups were able to analyze and discuss possible solutions to solve the poverty issue while dealing with the financial crisis. Organizations of the UN have closely attended to the issues of poverty In Russia since 1995. This was when the Human Development report was initially published in Russia. Economic sanctions on the country have also affected the country’s finances. Sanctions that have been placed on oil have severely decreased the revenue received from oil exports. These sanctions were placed during the Ukrainian Crisis.

 

A good resolution to this issue is the betterment of the population of Russia, as well as taking care of economic problems. By doing so it could help in decreasing the poverty rates in Russia. The nation as a whole is ready to cooperate with other nations and welcome to any solutions that may solve the current situation.

  • : Russian Federation
  • : Nina Hall

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Country: Fiji
Committee: UNDP
Topic: Eradication of Poverty
Delegate: William Bellinger
School: Williamston High School

 

According to the World Bank Group, 736 million people live on less than $1.90 a day.  Set as one of eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), the eradication of poverty has held spotlight to many within the United Nations.  As defined by the UN, poverty is defined as “lack of basic capacity to participate effectively in society.” More specifically, poverty typically means a human is lacking access to food, clothing, shelter, education, and other necessities for life.  Unfortunately, the cycle of poverty is hard to break out of. Once out of poverty, the door remains open; those who have escaped may easily reenter. One major challenge is sustaining those who have been pulled out of poverty. In recent years, the levels of poverty on a global scale have decreased substantially.  Despite this, much is left to be accomplished by the United Nations.

According to the Borgen, 28.3% of the population (around 250,000 people) lives under the national poverty line of Fiji as of 2017.  Fiji’s economy relies on tourism and exports similar to other nearby tropical islands.  Despite boasting a fairly strong infrastructure, Fiji’s large poverty percentage may be attributed to the current political turmoil.  The racial makeup of this nation is primarily comprised of Fijians and Indo-Fijians. Being historically different economic classes, the tensions amongst these two cultural groups have resulted in unfair treatment in both directions.  The Fijian politicians have thus allocated resources unequally, leaving many to suffer in poverty. In the economically inferior classes, typically in rural areas, employment opportunities are minimally available. Similar to the global trend, Fiji’s poverty rates have been decreasing in recent times, yet the percentage remains far from acceptable.

 

In order to solve the poverty crisis in Fiji and other nations alike, it is imperative to provide long term solutions rather than just aid packages.  Although aid packages are readily accepted and encouraged, they only provide short term solutions and miniscule long term benefits. Fiji is hoping to implement long term economical solutions to the poverty crisis such as the invigoration of local markets.  In the meantime, as stated, it is essential that nations facing the largest populations of impoverished shall be granted supplies for the short run by willing and able nations. Unfortunately, Fiji is unable to provide aid due to its own lack of resources. Still, Fiji is excitedly awaiting committee and all of the solutions to be presented. 

 

  • : Fiji
  • : William Bellinger

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Country: El Salvador
Committee:  UNDP
Topic: Poverty
Delegate: Carly Clos
School: Williamston High School

 

Poverty includes living standards, the inability to achieve basic necessities due to unavailability of nutrition, clean drinking water, proper sanitation, healthcare, health care and other social services. Ultimately, 9.9% of the world lives on less than $2 a day. A third of the urban population resides in a shanty town, which is a crowded city that is dangerous and has hazardous houses. About 1,85 billion persons, or 36% of the global population, are living below the poverty line. To this extent, those who experience poverty can often feel a lack of control over their own conditions and economic conditions. Millions of people may have a lowered comprehension of their own potential.

 

Easier access to healthcare services, particularly for the poor, has contributed to El Salvador’s ability to reduce mortality. As well in education, literacy rates have risen, with the most significant advances in urban areas. Crime and violence makes businesses more costly. They negatively impact investment decisions and jeopardize job creation. El Salvador produces only 30,000 jobs per year on average, while 40,000 workers are desired every year just to provide work for those entering the labor market. El Salvador’s Country Partnership Framework (CPF) was approved in June 2015 and is focused on two pillars: constructing foundations for economic progress and ensuring stability and durability. We want to make sure the economy stays in good conditions through hard times. Strengthening Public Health Care System Project has been advocating the growth of the National Health Care Services System in the country’s 82 poorest areas. Then, more than 1,300 pregnant women and 14,000 children under the age of 3 obtained parental and childcare services during the introduction of the initiative.Around 85,000 individuals also benefited immensely from immunization vaccines.

 

Countries should have a steady level of income that allows individuals to buy what they need. We should implement a separate non-profit organization to all countries that are able to raise funds in case of any issues in poverty. Since trading is the key to progress and well-being in a subtle way, nations need to encourage economies to engage in trade as a way out of poverty. Countries should see what other countries are in need of and support each other through hard times. Nations need to provide access to social services for all residents, including schooling, health care, adequate food, hygiene, housing and clean water to make sure poverty and mortality rates don’t escalate.

  • : El Salvador
  • : Carly Clos

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Poverty is a risk to the common person’s health and safety and must be treated as such. One of the first statistics taken of the risk of poverty was in 1820 determined the vast majority of the public lived in extreme poverty. In 1970 a high of 2.2 billion people were living in poverty and in 1981 The World Bank began collecting data on poverty. During this time, 44 percent of the world was living in extreme poverty. By 1990 The World Bank defined extreme poverty as people living on one dollar or less a day, around 36 percent of the world population was living in poverty, and nearly half the population in developing countries lived on less than one dollar and twenty five cents a day. Poverty and disasters like it have been destroying lives for billions of people for centuries and the longer it continues, the harder it will be to fix the issues it caused. Action has been taken, but the continuation of that action cannot go over looked.

 

Sweden is a supporter and leader in the 2030 Agenda and 17 Sustainable Development Goals. The 2030 Agenda, along with the support of human rights overall, seeks the end of poverty. Government organizations like Sida work to improve the standard of living of poorer people and eradicate poverty. The early 19th century was a turning point for Swedish economy and poverty was a widespread issue. To combat the mass amount of people leaving Sweden, policies were put in place to improve the quality of life for citizens. However, in the 1990s Sweden faced its worst economic crisis since the 1930s and unemployment levels increased drastically. This encouraged Sweden to lead the 2030 Agenda, which helps develop a sustainable welfare state and leaves no one behind in the effort to eradicate poverty.

 

Sweden plans to continue its internal efforts with its program Sida and the 2030 Agenda. By allowing poorer people equal opportunities, resources, basic services, property, natural resources, technology, and financial resources. Reducing the vulnerability of people exposed to climate-related, economic, and social disasters is also a goal of Sida and the Swedish Government. Sweden is also one of the countries leading the push for the 2030 Agenda and its global improvement. The UN is one of the organizations that Sweden does think has the right to intervene on behalf of the public when countries don’t do enough or anything at all to help citizens out of poverty. Sweden hopes the countries of Denmark and Finland will continue the views they have shared in the past and stand with Sweden in an effort to eradicate poverty.

  • : Sweden
  • : Madaline Gerring

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Country: Kuwait

Committee: United Nations Development Programme

Topic: Eradication of Poverty

Delegate: Faith Schafer

School: Williamston High School

 

Poverty is a deadly disease that affects regions and countries all across the world, regardless of their developmental status. Nations that have been around for thousands of years experience poverty just as new, developing nations do. These people living in poverty can lack the basic needs- food, water, shelter, but nations and their more fortunate citizens  sit back and so not deal with the issue head-on. Nevertheless, this is no reason why the global community of the United Nations Development Programme should just accept this fact- rather, we should strive all the more valiantly to eradicate it for once and for all. 

Many countries see Kuwait on a surface level- they see the wealth of the region and some factual sites state that “poverty is almost non-existent.” Yet, when people truly get to know Kuwait, learn about their people and understand their struggles, hardships and difficulties, they see that there is a level of poverty in Kuwait that the great nation cannot eliminate on its own. Poverty comes in many forms: there are laborers, shepherds who work in harsh desert environments, maids and illegal immigrants. Most of these people who live in poverty are non-citizens so it is difficult for the government of Kuwait to assist these people just as they assist their own citizens. As of right now, only citizens receive state aid, and the government is not willing to extend this to the others who live in Kuwait. Yet poverty must be eradicated- whether it is poverty on the part of the common people of Kuwait, who work in the oil industry but have to pay the high prices of life in their country or the laborers who work long hours with few rewards. As it is, no country is safe from the difficulties of poverty, despite their money, status or economic resources.

 

Kuwait is willing to play their own part in this eradication of global poverty. Of course, they want to begin within their own country and then extend into the Gulf region, but they do wish to eradicate, or at least reduce poverty and its effects across the world. Kuwait believes that the best way to start is to have the UNDP extend aid first and foremost to non-citizens of the countries in which they currently reside. As of right now, it is tricky for governments to identify, take care of, and guide the non-citizens within their country. This is an issue for governments everywhere, from Kuwait to the United States to countries across Europe. This is why this plan would be best- many non-citizens around the world suffer from poverty and can be overlooked when aid is distributed. If the UNDP takes on this role of supporting non-citizens, it may encourage governments to do the same while allowing the impoverished citizens of a country to receive aid from their nation. This would allow funds to be evenly distributed between people who need it and ensure that no one gets overlooked.

  • : Kuwait
  • : Faith Schafer

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SUBMITTED TO: United Nations Development Programme

TOPIC: Eradication of Poverty

Mexico is deeply concerned that most recent poverty reports from the World Bank declared that almost half the world’s population — 3.4 billion people — still struggle to meet basic needs with a majority of families living off $1.90 – $5.50 a day, depending on their location in the world. To try and address the entire extent of poverty, Mexico has established its first all-encompassing poverty plan known as the Mexican Multidimensional Poverty Measurement. Rather than functioning on an income-only basis, the multidimensional basis includes education, access to health services, access to social security, shelter characteristics, access to basic services, access to food, and level of social cohesion for approximately 43% of citizens that fall below the national poverty line with basic plans laid out in the 2012 Voluntary National Report Article 4.3:  Eradicating Poverty and Promoting Prosperity in a Changing World: SDGs 1, 2, 3, 5, 9, 14. The delegation of Mexico strongly promotes worldwide sustainable agricultural methods such as hydroponics and agroforestry which can increase crop productivity and relieve unnecessary expenses. Access to financing for farmers will contribute to improving logistics and the food supply. Mexico recommends that health service programs be modeled after Seguro Popular, a public health insurance in Mexico that covers a wide range of services without co-pays for its affiliates. Furthermore, the Mexican Public Education Secretariat launched the early educational program, A Good Start, which adopts a new focus on early childhood development and a framework of affectionate care as the basis of early education in Mexico. Mexico actively encourages Member States to work with local and regional governments to develop youth/K-12 educational programs for impoverished adolescents. The delegation of Mexico recommends to nations where the gender gap is above a certain percentage to work with NGOs including Women’s Global Empowerment Fund and School Girls Unite which aim to serve under-privileged women and subsidize funds so they can continue education by encouraging them to expand beyond their current confines.

Recognizing that in the 2017 Global Education Monitoring Report, internationally, 264 million children were recorded to not be attending school, Mexico previously established a program called PROSPERA. Although recently abolished, PROSPERA, a strategy that targets the country’s poorest families for incentivised benefits tied to school attendance, vaccinations or trips to the doctor,  increased school attendance by 20% among girls and 10% among boys, and significantly improved child health with payments starting at about $10.50 per month for children in the third grade of primary school and can be as high as $58 for boys and $66 for girls in the third year of secondary school. In initiating a similar program based off of the mandates within Mexico’s PROSPERA is encouraged but will require collaboration with UNESCO on expansion and receiving funding from the World Bank, The United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), and/or regional NGOs like Pratham (an Indian-based educational program) or Forum for African Women Educationalists (an African-based education advocacy), who are all generally willing to contribute to these operations and would aid in furthering the incentives to developing nations and the respective families. 

The delegation of Mexico is immensely alarmed by the 2019 demographic report by the International Telecommunications Union and Internet World Statistics, stating that roughly 60% of the world’s population still lacks access to the Internet with continents like Africa having under 50% penetration rate. In order to alleviate and get the remaining 37% of Mexican citizens on the internet, Mexico launched a series of connected networks known as the Learning and Innovation Network (RIA). In partnership with Enova, a social enterprise devoted to bringing technology to Mexicans, the initiative comprises of roughly 209 classrooms, 2,514 computers and 25 specialized digital libraries, which contain 50 classrooms, 1,200 computers and 125 tablets which aim to minimize the digital divide within the country. To maximize the efforts of the movement, Enova enabled a tracking system called MAKO which equips all students with a digital file and gives feedback on their individualized learning goals. Mexico encourages that the United Nations Commission on Science and Technology for Development (CSTD) work with initiatives like RIA to expand similar directives to developing nations with more rural populations where technology is low and populations are heavily dispersed in order to reach more people. If considered, funding may come from regional NGOs like the African Technology Foundation and TechSoup Asia Pacific which have interests in spreading knowledge about technological services, building new products in underdeveloped areas, and decreasing the digital divide.

 

Extremely disturbed that the vast majority of the world’s hungry people live in developing countries where 12.9 percent of the population is undernourished and based on the Global Immunization Vision and Strategy 2006-2015 Report, 2.5 million deaths a year continue to be caused by vaccine-preventable diseases, mainly in Africa and Asia among children less than 5 years old, Mexico has ratified the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) 2015-2030 with major focuses on Goal 1 and 2. Each year, Mexico participates in a voluntary report to record progress made. The delegation of Mexico recommends that a nonpartisan committee be established in order to review all nation’s advancement towards the 17 SDG Goals. Mexico anticipates that the UNDP sessions will result in a clear and cohesive resolution regarding poverty and looks forward to hearing other delegation’s proposals. 

  • : Mexico
  • : Katie McCarthy

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