September 16, 2019
 In 2022-Nuclear Disarmament and Emerging Nuclear States

Country: Japan
Delegate Name: Akshat Jain

Country: Japan
Committee: Disarmament & International Security Committee
Topic: Nuclear Disarmament and Emerging Nuclear States
Delegate: Akshat Jain
School: Forest Hills Northern High School

There is great difficulty with achieving total eradication of nuclear weapons because they are tied up with the beliefs and values of various countries. While some countries may believe eradicating nuclear weapons would make the world a safer place, other countries will argue that they are necessary to retain superiority over others. At our current state, attaining a nuclear-free world is near impossible. However, we are headed on the right path, as 191 countries have signed the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons Treaty (NPT) whose objective is to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons and weapons technology and to promote cooperation in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy. The NPT has enabled dramatic reductions in nuclear stockpiles and will serve as a base for future nuclear disarmament.

As the only country to have suffered atomic bombings, Japan has been leading the international discussion on disarmament and has been promoting change by calling on all nuclear weapon states to take measures toward nuclear disarmament while increasing transparency in military armaments and supports the peaceful uses of nuclear energy such as its ability to trace pollution and evaluate coastal dead zones. Japan has also put forth the “Hiroshima Action Plan,” a 5 pillar/step plan aimed at setting forth the beginnings of a nuclear-weapon free world. Japan strongly supports nuclear disarmament and commends any actions taken to eradicate/reduce the spread of nuclear weapons, but recognizes that the path towards achieving this will be even more difficult following Russia’s threat to use nuclear weapons in its war in Ukraine.

Japan is committed to achieving international disarmament and believes that the best way to achieve this is through a combination of following the structure of a treaty such as the NPT and large-scale cooperation that would compel all nuclear and nuclear-free countries to participate without compromise. Japan believes that after seeing the devastation these nuclear weapons brought on the people, the environment, and even the world, a nuclear-free world is far more desirable.